33 best sights of Primorsky Krai – descriptions and photos
The idea to connect Vladivostok’s districts separated by the Golden Horn Bay and the Eastern Bosphorus Strait has been floating in the air since at least the middle of the twentieth century. In particular, Nikita Khrushchev, who wanted to turn Vladivostok into the second San Francisco, wanted to create a crossing between the two parts of the city.
The Voroshilov Battery in Vladivostok
One of the unique constructions in the history of national artillery is located on the Russky Island. The coastal turret battery number 981 named after Klim Voroshilov once defended the eastern sea lines, and now it is available for tourists. A guide will take visitors through the underground levels of the closed military bunker.
Golden Bridge in Vladivostok
One of the attractions, which became available to tourists recently, is the Golden Bridge in Vladivostok. The construction of the bridge was completed in 2012 and was timed to coincide with the APEC summit, which was held in this Russian city.
Tokarevsky Lighthouse in Vladivostok
No decent tour in Vladivostok is complete without a visit to the Tokarevsky Lighthouse. Named the same as the spit on which it is located, it has been showing the way for vessels entering the port through the Eastern Bosphorus Strait for almost 1.5 centuries.
The Intercession Cathedral in Vladivostok
Celebrating its 110th anniversary in 2012, the Cathedral of the Protecting Veil of the Mother of God in Vladivostok Nearby, in the early 20th century, there were burials of fallen soldiers, who died in the Battle of Tsushima, and other city residents.
Funicular in Vladivostok
The funicular system’s construction in Vladivostok was initiated by Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev in 1959. The leader of the USSR visited the center of Primorsky Krai at that time, completing a visit to the United States. Then the ruler of the state planned to turn Vladivostok into one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
Vladivostok Fortress is one of the largest defensive constructions not only in Russia, but in the whole world – it wraps around the city with its 100-kilometer-long stone ring. The grandiose building began to be built in 1889 and was finished in 1918.
Vladivostok Synagogue is the only synagogue in the city and the oldest operating one in Primorsky Krai. Looking at the picturesque building, it is hard to believe that just a few years ago it was virtually in ruins. Now there are traditional prayer hall and mikveh here.
Vladivostok’s residents saw their first circus performance back in 1885, when artists performed in the Club Gully on Svetlanskaya Street. It is situated near the place where the modern Vladivostok circus is located – the snow-white ‘shell’ that is the favourite of several generations of local residents.
The Military and History Museum of the Pacific Fleet
If you head to the Military and History Museum of the Pacific Fleet, be prepared to spend several hours there. The institution has not only vast funds, but also a unique open-air exhibition of military equipment.
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Alpine skiing resort “Alekseevka
About 90 km from Nakhodka, in the middle of the impassable taiga of Primorsky Krai, there is a ski base “Alekseevka”. The resort is quite popular among local residents and guests of the region due to its modern infrastructure and good location.
State Natural Biosphere Reserve “Khankaisky
The Reserve is located in the western part of Primorsky Krai and is divided into five isolated areas located in 5 administrative districts (Khankaisky, Khorolsky, Chernigovsky, Spassky and Kirovsky).
Kedrovaya Pad State Nature Reserve
The reserve is located in the Khasansky District of Primorsky Krai and is located near the western shore of the Amur Bay. In clear weather from Vladivostok, its highest peaks – Mount Chalban, Podkrestovaya and Uglovaya – are clearly visible.
The Far Eastern State Marine Nature Reserve
The Marine Reserve consists of four sections: three are located in Khasansky District of Primorsky Krai, the fourth is on Popova Island, in Pervomaisky District of Vladivostok. Sections of the mainland shoreline, islands and adjacent water area are assigned to the reserve.
House of Butterflies “Vostorg”
Opening butterfly houses is a relatively new trend in Russia. The first “living collection” was collected at Moscow Zoo in the mid-1990s. In the Far East, there is only one place like this – butterfly house “Vostorg” in Vladivostok.
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V. K. Arsenyev House Museum
If you take a trip to the Far East, you will not once come across the toponyms associated with the name of geographer Vladimir Arsenyev. Streets, a river, a town, a glacier, and even a mountain are named after the Primorye explorer, ethnographer, and author of many books.
Lazovsky State Nature Reserve
The reserve is situated in the southeastern part of Primorsky Krai (Lazovsky District) on the southern spur of the Sikhote Alin range, the Zapovednoe Ridge (the highest height within the reserve is 1,379 m above sea level), gradually descending to the south, up to the coast of the Sea of Japan.
St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Vladivostok
The solemn organ music can be heard from the ancient church, surrounded by century-old trees. This is not the cozy historic center of some small German town. This is St. Paul’s Lutheran Church in Vladivostok.
The Marfo-Mariinsky Monastery in Vladivostok
The Marfo-Mariinsky Nunnery in Vladivostok continues the glorious tradition of the Marfo-Mariinsky cloisters, founded by Grand Duchess Elizabeth in the early 20th century: nuns not only serve God tirelessly, but also advance in sisterhood in city’s social and medical institutions.
The sea cemetery in Vladivostok
The Madonna and Child sculpture is part of the memorial complex in memory of the victims of the large fire at the Sberbank branch on Gogol Street in 2006. Nearby is the burial place of the passengers and crew of the Tu-154, which crashed in 2001 near Irkutsk.
Nature has clearly tried to create Primorsky Krai. It got the Ussuri taiga, caves with traces of ancient people, lakes and waterfalls, mountains and plenty of seashores and bays with “postcard” views.
It may be worth going to these places at least to take pictures of the sea from different points. There are a lot of bays to take pictures of. Some serve as a berth for ships, in shallow waters with sandy coastline you can swim, and the most beautiful are rocky bays, although as beaches, they are not very comfortable.
There are many islands in Primorsky Krai where locals like to vacation, especially in the summer. One of the most popular is Russky Island, as it is already connected by car, but most still need to be reached by ferry. But to Petrov or Ricord island, you may get there only by private boat, thanks to responsive Vladivostok citizens often offer the services of maritime “bumbila” for a very modest fee.
Some islands are not accessible by public transport, but you can always find sympathetic cab drivers with a boat, who will take you to an isolated island for a reasonable fee.
There are six nature reserves in Primorsky Krai. The most famous of them is the Far Eastern Marine Reserve, more than 90% of which territory (63 hectares) is occupied by the sea. Lazovsky Reserve (formerly Yuzhno-Ussuriysky Reserve) is almost entirely composed of forests, and it is here that the largest yew grove in Russia is situated. And in the mountains, on the slopes of the Sikhote-Alin Ridge, there is the Sikhote-Alin Natural Biosphere Reserve, where the sable (for which the reserve was created in its time), the Amur tiger, the Himalayan bear, and many other rare animals and plants are preserved almost exterminated in our days.
Hunting and fishing
The grounds of Primorsky Krai are very attractive places for hunters. There are moose, roe deer, hares, foxes, mink and many other animals.
Hunters have something to do in Primorye at any time of year, but most popular is hunting for ibex during the roaring.
Wild boar is often hunted with dogs, and roe deer and pheasants are hunted only in the fall and then for a short period of time.
The Sea of Japan is the richest in fish diversity in Russia. The most popular places for fishing are in the Peter the Great Bay: Posiet, Slavyansky and Amur Bay. Smelt, flounder, Pacific herring are caught here, and in small mountain rivers – crucian carp, pestrushka and others.
Historical and other attractions
Not only nature contributed to the beauty of these places, but also personally Nikita Khrushchev. At one time he wanted very much to turn Vladivostok into the second San Francisco, and it almost succeeded in the end. However, he didn’t succeed: the cable-stayed bridges Golden and Russky, which lead to the island of the same name, were built only in 2000s. “The Russky Bridge really impresses with its size. It is even listed in the Guinness Book of Records: its span is 1104 meters and pylons’ height is 324 meters.
And one more obligatory place for visiting is the Vladivostok Fortress, which was built in the late 19th century and is considered one of the most powerful fortifications in the world. It was this fortress that once prevented Japan from taking part in WWII on the side of Germany.
Sights of Primorsky Krai
What historical attractions of Primorsky Krai are worth visiting? Modern Primorsky Krai, Vladivostok’s sights and walks!
If you are in constant search of unforgettable emotions and impressions, we recommend visiting Primorsky Krai, which is truly one of the most beautiful parts of Russia. Caves and rocky peaks, golden sands of the sea coast, mountain rivers and waterfalls, amazing nature of centuries-old Ussuri taiga, architectural monuments – all this will not leave you indifferent and will make you return again and again to this amazing region, filled with the atmosphere of centuries-old history and virginity of natural ensembles. The territory of Primorsky Krai consists of 80% of various mountain ranges and hills, and only 20% of the territory is occupied by lowlands. Thanks to the peculiarities of its landscape, the unique representatives of flora and fauna are preserved in the protected zones, and the natural sights of Primorsky Krai amaze with their magnificence and beauty. Architectural, natural, historical and cultural monuments are located throughout the region in such cities as Vladivostok, Nakhodka, Ussuriisk and others.
Each seaside town has its unique history of creation, places of interest and attracts guests and tourists from all over the world. Everyone will find a vacation to his liking here. Do you love nature and can’t imagine a vacation in stuffy hotel rooms? Then you should definitely visit the national parks and nature reserves of Primorsky Krai, as well as visit its mineral health springs. Or maybe you like carefree sunbathing, not thinking about pressing problems? Then we suggest you plan your vacation in advance, because the bathing season in Primorye is very short (from 30 to 100 days), but it’s worth it. No matter what kind of vacation you would choose, getting to the Far East for the first time, you will definitely want to get acquainted with the main sights and specifics of life of sea towns.
What historical attractions of the cities of Primorsky Krai are worth visiting?
For those who want to learn about the history and modern culture of the region, as well as learn more about the peculiarities of fauna and flora, it is recommended to start by visiting museums, which are located throughout the Far East. The collections and exhibits presented in museums and cultural centers amaze with their diversity, and many of them are unique and of great value for modern science. You can also visit archaeological excavation sites near the city of Arsenyev. Ancient settlements, caves and ancestral sites, which were found by historians, are open to tourists all year round.
The highlight of Primorye, perhaps, can be called Sukhanov, because it is the only historical museum in our country, which fully reveals to the visitors the features of everyday life and daily life of royal officials . Here every visitor has an opportunity to take beautiful pictures against the background of the old interior, to visit and play on an antique piano.
If you want to understand the character and discover the essence of every Primorsky Krai’s sight, we advise to visit the Vladivostok Fortress. It is the only Old Russian sea fortress, whose architecture amazes with the power of its fortifications and reflects the peculiarities of those times. Not a single shot was fired from the fortress’s walls, because the power and characteristics of the buildings left enemies with not a single hope of victory. Today Vladivostok’s Naval Fortress is a huge museum, divided into complexes, each of which presents unique exhibits.
The sea and mountain landscapes of the Far East have always inspired Russian architects and artists, so the huge number of monuments, magnificent temples, churches and houses with amazing decorations is a trademark of the region, and the architecture features of some structures have a full resemblance to St. Petersburg’s buildings.
Modern Primorsky Krai, Vladivostok’s sights and walks
The cities of Primorsky Krai are large cultural centers with a developed infrastructure and a large number of contemporary art galleries, palaces of culture and concert halls. One of the most famous galleries constantly organizes contests and exhibitions of works by young masters of Primorye art schools. In addition to cultural leisure, every tourist can learn more about the “business” life of the region. Every season, the city administration organizes various festivals, thematic fairs, forums, and congresses at the exhibition centers, which help the Far East to maintain and build economic ties with new partners and close mutually beneficial deals.
All the cities of Primorsky Krai are unique and have their own unique features and character tempered by the sea. However, Vladivostok remains perhaps the most famous and romantic city, which is, in addition, Primorye’s administrative center. The only funicular in our country is located here, and one can observe the incredible panorama of the city from it. If you’re afraid of heights, there are two viewing platforms, from which one can particularly well see Vladivostok at night.
Visiting the city’s embankments, whose decoration inspires and sets a romantic mood, is no less interesting. One of the most popular among tourists and residents is the Ship Quay, where the ship ‘Nadezhda’ and the ‘Pallada’ stand majestically. On holidays on the waterfront you can watch parades that take your breath away and make you freeze from what you see. For those who are tired of walking, the towns’ cultural program offers a ride on the Amur Bay’s water area in a pleasure boat, from whose board you can observe the picturesque sceneries and see Primorye through the eyes of real seafarers. One of the largest aquariums in Russia has been recently opened in the town. Here you can see different representatives of Primorsky Krai’s fauna, and get acquainted with peculiarities of their habitat. The guests, who have already managed to visit the exposition, leave exceptionally positive reviews and advise to spare a few hours for a trip with children to the oceanarium.
The best attractions of Primorsky Krai (photo with description) are
If you are planning a trip to Primorsky Krai with your family, we recommend that you definitely allocate a few days to visit “Shtykovsky ponds”, which have long become the most visited place and the main modern attraction of Primorsky Krai. The territory of the park is about 30 hectares, and the developed service and a large number of entertainments will please both children and adults. Rental cottages, children’s cafes and cozy pavilions, a lot of creative workshops, summer and winter sports, ATV riding, photo zones and amazing , – all this is Shtykovsky Ponds in Primorsky Krai. The park works all year round and always knows what to surprise its guests. That’s why the facility is very popular not only among Vladivostok’s residents, but among tourists too.
2. Ussuri Church of the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin
The church is the city’s trademark and is located right next to the bus station, so visitors won’t be able to miss it. This is one of the oldest places in the city, which is famous not only for its atypical Orthodox architecture. The Church of the Intercession was visited by Cesarevich Nicholas, who later became Tsar of Russia. The temple was consecrated in 1907, and in 1946, after the war devastation, it was restored by Japanese prisoners, thanks to whom the church got exactly the same look.
3. Vladivostok Sea Fortress
It is located on the Amur Bay’s coast and is within walking distance from the city center. A visit here will be interesting not only for adults interested in our great country’s history, but for children as well. There are a lot of guns and military equipment inside the structure. The barracks, which used to house military personnel, now houses a museum, the exposition of which introduces visitors to the everyday life of soldiers who held the defense here. All the exhibits, which are outdoors, can be touched, twisted and played with.
4. White Palace Cave in partisan area.
The natural monument, which attracts hundreds of tourists every year, because no special equipment is required to visit it. The cave is situated on the right bank of Malaya Alekseevka river at the foot of the mountain Constantinople. The area of the cave is about 120 m in length and looks like two huge rooms, which are connected by a winding passage. It is better to postpone the visit to the cave in the summer, because during the season of heavy rains and spring floods one of the rooms is flooded.
5. Rudny Lighthouse
The lighthouse is not only one of the main symbols of Dalnegorsk, but is also famous throughout the country. It is Rudny that is depicted on the 1,000 bill of 1995 issue. In addition, images of the lighthouse can be found on various souvenir products: panels, magnets, paintings and more. The lighthouse is located on Cape Brynner, which offers a stunning view of the Japanese sea, rocks and hills. The ascent to the lighthouse is quite steep, so we recommend taking care in advance about comfortable shoes.
6. Russky Island
Russky Island is a territory with a rich history. If you trace the archaeological finds and records, you can find out that the first people who lived on the island date back to the Neolithic Age. In 698, the Seaside region belonged to the Mohek state, and the island was actively used for living. In addition, archaeologists, who explored the island, managed to find ancient temples, the architecture of which was striking in its magnificence. For a long time, the island was closed, which had a beneficial effect on its natural heritage. Ornamental trees, lianas and rare herbaceous plants grow here, and the animal world is rich and diverse. It is one of the most ancient and mysterious places that adorn Primorsky Krai. There are two main military constructions on the Russky Island: the Voroshilov Battery and the Russky Fort. The first one refers to the Vladivostok’s defensive line and is equipped with huge cannons. It is here that the country’s largest aquarium is situated. The Fort of Tsar Ivan the Terrible (Russkiye) is the main fort for defending the whole island, and it was built upon the Fort Velichko’s design of the nineties.
7. Bridge to Russky Island
The bridge is a modern construction, the construction of which was timed to coincide with the international summit in 2012. The bridge is truly unique and long-awaited for residents, as it has connected Vladivostok and Russky Island. Passing on the bridge, guests and tourists can look at the city from the sea and see its main attractions: lighthouse, warships, submarines and islands. Today the bridge can be boldly called Vladivostok’s trademark, because it has not only expanded city’s infrastructure, but also is grandiose and monumental as an object of architectural thought.
8. Vladivostok Golden Bridge
The bridge got its name from its location. It is located in the middle of the Golden Horn Bay and connects two parts of the city. Strolling along the bridge’s pedestrian zone, each traveler not only enjoys the colorful panorama and the greatness of the sea, but also feels all the power of our country, looking at the monumental columns and buildings.
9. Egersheld Lighthouse
This facility is actually the place where Vladivostok ends, and vast sea spreads farther. Located halfway to the Russky Island, the lighthouse offers an unusual view of the city. Being near the lighthouse, one gets the impression that one observes the city panorama from the ship. To get to the lighthouse is not a problem either by car or by public transport. The place near the lighthouse is popular among city residents: in summer people come here to relax and sunbathe, and in the cold season it’s nice to have a cup of coffee and admire the sunset. If you are a true aesthete and a connoisseur of unusual landscapes, you should definitely visit this place at least once.
10. State Marine Reserve
Located near Vladivostok on the Popova Island, which washes the Peter the Great Gulf. Part of the island is a protected area and was formed to study and preserve the unique natural complexes of the Japanese Sea. More than 5000 different species of flora and fauna inhabit the waters and the bottom of the reserve, the most famous of which are the Kamchatka crab, the giant octopus and the Far Eastern trepang. Orcas, dolphins, striped whales and other cetaceans often swim into the waters of the reserve. This is truly the richest marine area of Russia, and the territory is the only reserve of its kind in the Russian Federation with almost pristine nature. Various excursions are organized for tourists, including the opportunity to dive with professional divers to observe the life of marine life in its natural environment.
Primorsky Krai is rich not only in architectural heritage, but also . In modern souvenir stores and stores, everyone can buy memorable gifts for themselves and relatives. Here you can find incredible forged, silver, cast or crystal things, which are made by hand, as well as buy national textiles, jewelry and handicrafts.
It is simply impossible to tell about all the sights of Primorye, because it is the only place in our country, on the territory of which such an incredible number of curiosities and interesting places for recreation and entertainment are concentrated. That’s why below we will present the most popular and beautiful sights of Primorsky Krai, which every traveler should visit.