The best sights to see in Prague. Top 17 most popular sights in Prague with descriptions and location on the map.
Prague is one of the most beautiful and well-preserved cities in Europe. The capital of the Czech Republic has dozens of outstanding sights, among which the medieval Charles Bridge stands out. Charming narrow streets and ancient squares of Prague are dotted with beautiful examples of Gothic, Baroque, Renaissance and Art Nouveau that create an interesting contrast and transport you into the atmosphere of different historical periods.
Prague is often called the “City of a Hundred Spires”. To understand this, you need to look at its panorama, which is adorned by the spires of ancient churches and towers. Prague is a city of architectural gems, ancient monuments, great gastronomy and atmosphere. Our list of the best sights will only convince you of that and let you know what to see in Prague!
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Map of Prague with sights
Map of Prague showing all the most significant sights with descriptions in Russian
What to see in Prague in 1 – 2 days
List of the best sights and interesting places in Prague with descriptions and pictures.
Charles Bridge (Czech: Karlův most) is a beautiful stone bridge over the Vltava river connecting the historical districts of Malá Strana and Staré Mesto. It is one of the main symbols of Prague and probably the most beautiful stone bridge in the world. It came into use already in 1380. According to legend, the first stone was laid in 1357 by Charles IV – the Holy Roman Emperor. For a long time, Charles Bridge linked Stare Mesto and Malá Strana and served as a passage for kings and delegations to Prague Castle. The entrance to the bridge is decorated on both sides by magnificent Gothic bridge towers: the Old Town Tower (Staroměstská mostecká věž) and the Malostranská mostecká věž.
According to legend the first stone was laid in 1357 by Charles IV, the Holy Roman Emperor. For a long time, Charles Bridge linked Stare Mesto and Malá Strana and served as a passage for kings and delegations to Prague Castle. The entrance to the bridge is decorated on both sides by magnificent Gothic bridge towers: the Old Town Tower (Staroměstská mostecká věž) and the Malostranská mostecká věž.
Prague Castle is a magnificent ancient fortress which is one of the symbols of Prague. It is a complex of ancient buildings, sacral monuments and fortifications stretching from Petřín Hill to the streets of Malá Strana. Prague Castle is the largest castle in the world and one of the most important historical monuments in the Czech Republic.
The most interesting sights of Prague Castle:
St. Vitus, Václav and Vojtěch Cathedral
The Katedrála svatého Víta, Václava a Vojtěcha (St. Vitus Cathedral) is a gem of Gothic architecture. This magnificent church is located at Prague Castle and reads as the main sacral monument in Prague. The construction of St. Vitus Cathedral began in 1344 and was not completed until 1929. This church is one of the major long-term construction projects in Europe. St. Vitus Cathedral is the national shrine of the Czech Republic. It is the burial place of the Czech kings, and also houses the royal regalia.
Golden Lane is a small alley in Prague Castle. It is a place with a magnificent historical atmosphere, built with small two-story houses built into the arches of the fortress wall. The Golden Lane was formed at the end of the 16th century. It is believed that alchemists lived here.
Vysehrad is a historical monument in the south of Prague, situated on a high hill above the Vltava River. It is an ancient fortress built in the 10th century. The heyday of Vysehrad was in the 11th century, when the royal residence was moved here from Prague Castle. During that period, the hilltop was surrounded by powerful walls, fragments of which have survived until today. There are several interesting sights here: the new basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, the remains of an ancient Romanesque basilica, the Romanesque rotunda of St. Martin, the Visehrad Cemetery (the burial place of famous Czech celebrities).
Sights of Vysehrad:
Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul
Saints Peter and Paul Basilica is the main architectural dominant feature of Vysehrad and one of the most beautiful churches in Prague. This magnificent neo-Gothic cathedral was built in the 11th century. You can get inside for free and admire its interior as well as numerous relics. The Church of Saints Peter and Paul is a three-nave pseudo-basilica in neo-Gothic style with chapels and sacristies in the side aisles, a deep closed presbytery and two symmetrical towers on the sides of the main façade.
St. Martin’s Rotunda
The Rotunda of St. Martin is an ancient building located in Vysehrad. It is considered one of the oldest buildings in Prague.
Old Town Square
Old Town Square
Old Town Square is one of the oldest squares in Prague and the heart of the historical Stare Mesto district. It is one of the most charming places in the Czech capital, constantly crowded with tourists and surrounded by magnificent sights as well as beautiful old buildings of different historical epochs and styles of architecture.
Old Town Hall
Old Town Hall is one of the most important historical buildings in Prague and a popular landmark on Old Town Square. The town hall was founded in 1338. The oldest preserved part is the magnificent Gothic tower with a unique astronomical clock known as the Orloj, which from 9 am to 11 pm shows a small show.
The Church of Our Lady before Týn (Týn Church)
The Church of Our Lady before Týn (Týn Church)
Týn Church of Our Lady before Týn is a religious sacral monument in Prague, one of the most impressive Gothic buildings in Europe and a landmark of Old Town Square. Its pointed spires pierce the sky and the church dominates the ancient square, hidden behind facades of houses, but at the same time being its most visible part. The Týn Church is a vast gallery of Gothic, Renaissance and early Baroque architecture, and its organ is the oldest in Prague.
The history of the temple begins in the 12th century. Already at that time a Romanesque basilica was built on its site. In the 14th century the history of the modern Týn Church began, when rich citizens of Prague decided to build a new church there. The construction of the church continued until the early 16th century. In the 17th century, the interior was reconstructed in the Baroque style.
Church of St. Nicholas
Church of St. Nicholas
The Church of St. Nicholas is a magnificent Baroque building in Prague’s historic Malá Strana district and is considered one of the greatest examples of Baroque architecture north of the Alps. This sacred monument was built in the 18th century on the site of an older Gothic religious structure. The church has an imposing site with a diameter of 20 metres and an impressive Baroque façade.
Josefov (Czech: Josefov) is a Jewish quarter, one of the most mystical and mysterious places in the Czech capital. It is situated in the district of Prague 1. Until 1850 it was the center of the Jewish Community. The quarter takes its name from Emperor Josef II, who in the course of his reforms improved the lives of Jews. The Jewish quarter is situated between the right bank of the Vltava River and Old Town Square.
Josefov appeared in Prague in 1850 during the administrative transformation. There are several interesting sights here: Old Synagogue, Pinkas Synagogue, Maisel Synagogue, Klaus Synagogue, High Synagogue, Jewish Town Hall, Jewish cemetery in Prague.
Old Synagogue is one of the oldest Jewish religious buildings in Europe. The synagogue was founded in the 13th century and is still active. It is a small old building in Gothic style. According to a legend, in its attic there is a Golem made of clay by Rabbi Judah ben Bezalel for the protection of the Jewish community.
Strahov Monastery is an architectural monument and one of the oldest Czech monasteries. It is located in the historical district Hradčany in Prague. Strahov Monastery was founded in 1140-1143. Throughout its history, it underwent several reconstructions and refurbishments, thanks to which it acquired Baroque and Renaissance features.
The monastery is famous for its excellent brewery.
Dancing House is an office building in Prague built in the style of modern architecture. It consists of two cylindrical towers, one of which was built in the style of destruction. The normal tower symbolizes a man, while the destructive tower represents a dancing woman.
The Clementium is a baroque ensemble of historic buildings in Prague, located in the historic district of Stare Mesto. It is one of the largest architectural complexes in Prague, second only to Prague Castle in size and scope.
Originally the site was occupied by St. Clement’s Church, which was taken over by the Dominican order in 1232. The Dominicans built a monastery here and administered it for four centuries, until the Emperor Ferdinand I invited the Jesuits to Prague. They bought the monastery and built a library, collegium, and other buildings. Even though they were expelled from Prague during the 1618 revolt, the Jesuits were able to return and rebuild everything. The Clementium now houses the National Library of the Czech Republic.
Powder Tower (Czech: Prašná brána) is a majestic Gothic tower built in the 15th century. The Powder Tower is located in Prague on the Republic Square, where the first part of the road leading to Prague Castle begins. The Powder Tower is 65 m high. At the height of 44 m there is an observation deck, which can be climbed by spiral stairs.
Loreta or Nativity of Christ Church is a sacral building complex in the historical Hradcany district of Prague. The Loreta was built in 1626 in Baroque style. Architectural dominant of the complex is the Church of the Nativity of Our Lord. Its ensemble also includes six chapels, two fountains and the Holy Cabin of Our Lady of Loreto.
Petøín is a high hill with a huge park area and a beautiful view of Prague. It has a height of 327 meters and is one of the oldest sites of the Czech capital. Here pagans worshipped Perun. In the Middle Ages fortifications were built on Petøín. In the 19th century on top of the hill was built Petøín Tower, which is a scaled-down copy of the Eiffel Tower in Paris.
There is a funicular to the top of Petøín.
Kampa Island (Czech Kampa) is an artificial island in Prague, called the “Venice of Prague”. This amazingly picturesque and romantic place, which can be accessed by descending the stairs from Charles Bridge, just behind the statue of Brunswick. On one side Kampa is separated by the majestic Vltava, on the other – the Čertovka, one of its branches.
Kampa Island was formed around the 15th century. Originally it was covered by gardens. But after a fire in 1541, which devastated Prague, the remains of damaged buildings were moved to the island. As a result, the surface was levelled and the island was built up. Artisans were the first to settle here. After them, the island began to be settled by wealthy people.
Now Kampa Island has many cafes and restaurants with an excellent view of the Vltava River and the Charles Bridge, as well as many hotels. It is pleasant to stroll along the banks of the Vltava and ýertovka and admire the architecture of buildings, which are located at the water’s edge.
Church of Our Lady of the Snow
Church of Our Lady of the Snow
Church of Our Lady of the Snow is an ancient Gothic church located in Prague near Wenceslas Square. This religious structure was conceived as the second-largest church in the Czech capital (after St. Vitus Cathedral), but it was never fully completed.
The church, along with the monastery of the Carmelites, was founded in 1347 on the occasion of the coronation of Charles IV. During the Hussite wars, its construction was interrupted. The Church of Our Lady of the Snows was badly damaged and abandoned. After that, the religious building fell into disrepair by the end of the 16th century.
At the beginning of the 17th century, the church was taken over by the Franciscans, receiving Renaissance and Baroque features in the process of reconstruction.
Monument to Franz Kafka
Monument to Franz Kafka
The Franz Kafka monument in front of the Quadrio Business Center is one of the most unusual sculptures in Prague. It represents 42 movable tiers, forming the face of the famous Czech writer. The sculpture is 11 meters high and weighs 39 tons.
Waldstein Garden (Valdštejnská zahrada) – garden, located in the center of Prague. A real corner of silence and tranquility. In this quiet and nice place you can find the Senate of the Republic. Here you can see peacocks, large carp in the pond and look at the beautiful bronze sculptures.
Prague Metronome St. Vitus Cathedral Charles Bridge Red Light Street Prague Castle Wax Museum Prague Zoo Chocolate Museum
The site contains a collection of sights in Prague – photos, descriptions, and tips for travelers. The list is based on popular guidebooks and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Prague, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Prague.
The Prague Metronome over the Vltava River is a monument in its own way unique. On the one hand, it is ridiculous and, as they say, closes a kind of void formed in this place during historical events. On the other hand, impartially counting hours, minutes, instants, the metronome is a flawless and powerful symbol of the passing of time independent of anything. Towering above the center of beautiful Prague, this absurd construction breaks stereotypes and often leads to existential experiences.
The monument was erected in 1991 on the site of a former monument to Stalin. History has so decided that a huge monument to the leader of nations was erected at a bad time, in 1955. A few years later it was dismantled, and the hole that had formed was eventually “plugged” with a metronome, a kind of modern art specimen. At first, the monument, temporarily placed there, took root, and for the third decade has been swinging its pendulum gently and steadily. And it seems that this process will never stop.
St. Vitus Cathedral
St. Vitus Cathedral is the largest Catholic church in Prague and the permanent seat of the Archbishop of Prague. The Cathedral is recognized as the most important architectural monument of European Gothic and is considered to be a true pearl of Bohemia.
The history of the building of this cathedral is very rich – the first Catholic Church was built in Prague back in 925, and the present building of the cathedral began under construction in 1344. It was finished only by the early 20th century, so the construction lasted for 600 years. During this time, the cathedral absorbed a lot of architectural ideas, becoming a true masterpiece of European architecture.
The final length of the cathedral was 124 meters, and its southern tower rises to a height of 96 meters. The outside of the Cathedral of St. Vitus is richly decorated with bas-reliefs and sculptures while the inside is decorated with beautifully colored stained glass which invariably draws the delight of tourists.
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Charles Bridge is one of the main symbols of the Czech capital. This is one of the 18 bridges of Prague, amazingly charming with its beauty and antiquity.
There is an astonishing story connected with the laying of its first stone. Charles IV himself laid the bridge in 1357, on the 9th of July at 5:31. The date, representing a pyramid with the number “9” on top – 18.104.22.168.22.214.171.124.1 – was considered the most auspicious for any endeavor, and yet, so much later, the bridge still commands our admiration of its enchanting beauty.
A contemporary legend has it that the Dalai Lama, crossing the bridge in 1990, said that the bridge is at the center of the universe and there is no negative energy around it. Perhaps that is why it is so attractive.
Coordinates : 50.08600500,14.41160200
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Red Light Street
Red Light Street in Prague, the Czech capital, is Ve Smeckach Street, near Wenceslas Square. It is a kind of counterpart to the Red Light District in Amsterdam, where strip clubs, sex shops, and brothels are known to be located. When darkness falls, red lights are lit here, and girls flaunt themselves right through the first floor windows.
Red Light Street in Prague is very popular with tourists, especially men. But beware – at night you can come across pickpockets who often take advantage of the girls. They come to you to get acquainted and chat, and thus distract attention from tourists. On Red Light Street there are many interesting and very frank night spots with striptease and erotic shows.
Coordinates : 50.07920100,14.42718900
Prague Castle is one of the oldest fortresses in the world, stretching along a hilltop on the left bank of the Vltava River. It is the largest castle in the country and at various times served as the residence of kings and emperors, today it represents the seat of the head of state.
The history of Prague Castle is closely connected with the history of the capital of the Czech Republic. Archaeologists attribute the emergence of Prague to the IX century, when there were two large fortresses – the Castle and Vysehrad. However, numerous legends and folk beliefs take us back to more ancient times – the time of the Voivode of Chech, who led the Slavic people away from strife and wars to the glorious banks of the Vltava River.
Prague Castle is rich in architectural, artistic and historical treasures: royal treasures, relics of Bohemian kings, Christian relics, priceless historical documents.
The fortress resembles a small town, each part of which is built in its own style. In the most honorable, first courtyard of the castle is Theresian Palace, built in the style of Viennese classicism, designed by architect Pacassi. In the second courtyard the Chapel of the Holy Cross is situated, in which the crown jewels of the Czech kingdom are kept. But the main attraction of the Bohemian fortress is in the third courtyard – St. Vitus Cathedral, a Gothic-style monument, built from 14th to 20th century. In the Royal Garden there is the Summer Palace of Queen Anne, and in front of it – the Singing Fountain, whose falling drops echo the sound of Prague bells.
There are about 60 wax figures in the museum, including international celebrities as well as Czech celebrities and politicians. The museum also presents the “tribune of dictators”. Charles IV, Dali, Picasso, Kafka, Lenin, Stalin, Masaryk, Havel, Chaplin, Schwarzenegger and others. The famous soldier Schweik of course is also represented in the museum.
Prague zoo is one of the largest in Europe. It contains more than 4422 individuals of 627 species of animals on 60 hectares of land. The owners of the zoo have tried to recreate for animals their ecosystem and environment, so visitors to the zoo can visit both the plains and the mountainous area.
The main difference of this amazing zoo is that most of the animals do not sit in cages, and walk freely in their allotted areas. It is quite common to see a duck or a peacock strolling along the paths next to visitors.
The zoo contains 471 species of animals included in the IUCN red list. Every visitor can experience a pristine and almost untouched animal habitat!
Coordinates : 50.11749600,14.41194500
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“The sweet museum” is a popular name for this attraction in Prague. Unremarkable little museum is located in the center of Prague, near the Old Town Square. Here you can familiarize yourself with the history of chocolate, look at the tools for its production, axes and hammers for sugar, a small exhibition of old dishes, molds for molding chocolate bars and candies.
The Prague Chocolate Museum has a large collection of old chocolate wrappers and packaging. There is also our “Alyonka” and the Hershey chocolate so often advertised on TV in the early nineties.
The most popular attractions in Prague with descriptions and photos for all tastes. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Prague on our website.
More places of interest in Prague
Brandýs nad Labem Castle, Prague, Czech Republic Bethlehem Chapel, Prague, Czech Republic Restaurant PUSHKIN, Prague, Czech Republic St. Vitus Cathedral, Prague, Czech Republic House of the Red Eagle, Karlstejn, Czech Republic Brandýs Castle, Prague, Czech Republic