30 best sights of Buryatia – descriptions and photos
Atsagatsky datsan, one of the most important and oldest Buddhist temples in Buryatia, was founded in 1825. Among other monasteries, it stands out for its curious location history: 50 years after it was built, the datsan was moved to a new location, it was originally erected near the river, where there were floods.
The multicolored roofs of the Ivolginsky datsan are visible from afar: this temple complex, a recognized center of Buddhism in Russia, welcomes visitors with bright colors and religious and philosophical traditions dating back to centuries.
Baikalsky State Reserve
A huge gene pool of wild plants and animals is preserved in the reserve: the total number of known species of higher and lower plants reaches 2 thousand species, vertebrate animals – more than 350, invertebrate animals – more than 1500 species.
The Barguzinsky valley, unique for its beauty of landscapes, richness of natural complexes, history, culture, is considered one of the most perspective tourist directions of Baikal region. There are several sights in the Barguzinsky valley.
The oldest in Russia Barguzinsky Reserve is situated on the north-east shore of Lake Baikal, on the western slopes of the Barguzinsky Ridge. Its task was to preserve and study sable. There are 39 species of mammals and 243 species of birds known in the reserve.
We have been to Taimyr! Norilsk – Plateau Putorana – Dudinka – Yeniseisk – Krasnoyarsk 13 days.
Buryat Drama Theatre
The State Buryat Academic Drama Theatre named after Khotsa Namsaraev is the oldest in Buryatia, its history dates back to 1932. In Ulan-Ude it is called the keeper of national culture and language, as almost all performances (including world classics) are staged here in Buryat language.
Buryat Opera and Ballet Theatre
The magnificent palace, which houses the Buryat Opera and Ballet Theatre, is one of the most recognizable symbols of Ulan-Ude. The building is in Stalin Empire style with numerous elements typical of Buddhist cult architecture. It was built in 1952 by Japanese prisoners of war.
Jerginsky State Reserve
The central manor of the reserve is situated in the village of Maisky. The geographical location of the reserve is unique as it is situated in the eastern part of the North-Eastern Baikal area at the juncture of three large mountain ranges – the Barguzinsky, Ikatsky and South Muisky mountain ranges.
The Zabaikalsky National Park
The territory of the park covers the Chivyrkuisky Bay, the Svyatoy Nos Peninsula and the Ushkanyi Islands archipelago with the largest rookery of ringed seal in Baikal. There are 5 hiking routes in the park, among which the route to the Markovo mountain stands out.
The preserve is in a hard-to-reach place which can be reached on foot or on horseback through the Shumaksky pass in the Tunkinskie Alps, or by helicopter. The trail is well cleared and marked. The Shumak springs are a sacred place, with over 100 outlets of thermal carbonaceous waters.
Museum of the Buryat Scientific Center Soran
The Mineralogical Museum is the only academic museum in Transbaikalia. It has a rich collection of Buryatian nephrite of various colors and shades, beautiful selections of decorative marble, landscape jasper, and a variety of chalcedony.
Khangalov Museum of the History of Buryatia. Khangalov
The Museum of History of Buryatia is one of the oldest in Siberia. Here one can find the most interesting materials on archeology and religious cults (shamanism, orthodoxy, Buddhism). The museum’s collection includes rare books and coins and a rich collection of Buddhist tanka (icons). Exhibition of modern paintings and works of arts and crafts.
Wonderful place, famous for its untouched striking beauty and rich cultural heritage. In Buryatia, religions and worldviews that seem completely different, but at the same time closely related to each other, are closely intertwined. The deepest lake in the world, dormant volcanoes, thermal springs, several dozens of nature reserves and national parks – all these are the main reasons why people dream to visit Buryatia at least once
Journey to 9 extinct volcanoes can be made by going to the Tunkinskaya Valley. The highest of them does not exceed the height of 70 m. All of them were active several decades ago, as evidenced by the frozen flows of fiery lava. It stretches for 70 km along the valley of Zhombolok and Khi-Gol. Sometimes hollows or lakes are glimpsed between the lava fields. Kropotkin and Peretolchina volcanoes are striking in their impressive size. Looking at them from afar they seem to be quite small in comparison to the surrounding mountains, but when you get closer you see their grandeur.
One of the oldest bodies of water and the deepest lake in the world is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The clearest fresh water is home to fish and unique animals which can be found only in Buryatia. On the lake’s shore there are hot springs.
The transparent water changes its color depending on the season. In summer it seems to be soft purple, and in the fall a little greenish. In the winter months it is especially beautiful, snow-covered landscape around it turns the real world into a wonderful fairy tale.
Datsan Khambin Khure
The Buddhist monastery is located near the capital of Ulan-Ude, in the village of Verkhnyaya Ivolga. Construction of the datsan was completed in 1945. The bright colors shimmering in the sunlight on the walls of the building often attract the attention of curious tourists. Anyone can visit the temple and observe a few basic rules of conduct near the sacred place. Swearing, drinking alcohol, smoking or shouting are strictly prohibited.
It is not easy to get to this wonderful place where you can feel a complete reunion with the forces of flora and fauna, but the upcoming spectacle is worth a few hours of difficult road. You can get to the reserve on foot, on horseback or using a helicopter. The trail leading to the reserve goes through the Shumak Pass in the Tunkinskie Goltsy.
There are over a hundred Shumak springs of mineral water on the territory of the reserve. It has miraculous properties and is used to treat various kinds of diseases. Near the “magic” place there is a tourist base “Shumak”.
Svyatoy Nos Peninsula
The peninsula is located on the territory of the Transbaikal National Park. It occupies a leading place among the largest on Lake Baikal. Dense forests of taiga are verdant everywhere, hot springs come from below, and the cries of wild animals can be heard from the depths of the bushes.
Several centuries ago these places were called sacred. Shamans performed rituals here, calling upon the forest spirits hiding in the dark forest thickets. Local legends further fuel interest in this amazing place, which is surrounded by incredible natural beauty.
The peak of the Tunkinskie Goltsy ridge is surrounded by several beautiful legends, in which the locals still continue to believe unwaveringly. According to one of the ancient myths, lovers who are able to climb the Peak of Love will live happily together for the rest of their lives.
It takes at least five hours to climb the peak. In winter, the time will increase several times, so guides and locals recommend going on a trip in the summer. The trail leading to the destination is surrounded by incredible natural scenery, but the most amazing view awaits at the top of the mountain.
Ethnographic Museum of Transbaikalia Peoples
The museum complex, which first opened its doors to visitors in 1968, is located in the heart of Buryatia – its capital city, Ulan-Ude. Its territory occupies 27 hectares. There are more than 4 dozens of ancient buildings and more than 11 thousand different exhibits.
The Ethnographic Museum is one of the largest and most famous in Russia. It is included in the list of the country’s cultural heritage and is considered one of the most visited. Every year, all sorts of festivals and celebrations are held in the open-air museum in honor of the approaching holidays. On Shrovetide, there are festivals, fairs, workshops, and exhibitions of local artisans.