In the heart of Mexico is the city of Aguascalientes, which is the capital of the state of the same name and the center of the municipality. It is made up of an older section, renowned for its colonial-era structures, and a modern section where the industrial areas are separated by expressways.
Aguascalientes is located in the Mexican highlands and covers an area of 385 square kilometers. Its relief consists of high plateaus, up to 1,888 m high, interspersed with vast bolson basins. Rare pine and oak forests are preserved here, and there are fertile valleys.
The number of local inhabitants is 722250, according to the last census in 2010. Spanish is the official language of Aguascalientes. The city is characterized by a fairly high standard of living, so the immigration index here is much higher than in neighboring communities.
Economy of the city
Aguascalientes is famous for its vineyards, which were already appreciated by the conquistadors. By the way, when the wines produced here found out in Spain, the king was afraid of competition and ordered the destruction of the plants. After the liberation of Mexico from the colonizers, immigrants came to the city and decided to revive the wine industry and bring this industry to the world market.
Nowadays, corn, agave and beans are also grown here, as well as cattle ranching and trade. Aguascalientes has a well-developed mining and cement industry, and there are machinery companies involved in auto assembly, including FANUC Robotics, Nissan, and Flextronics. Particular attention is paid to tourism services.
The name of the city
The Mexicans call Aguascalientes El Corsano, which translates to “The Heart of the Country.” The official name of the city comes from 2 Spanish words: “aguas” and “calientes”, which means “hot water”. The fact is that on the territory of the settlement there are thermal springs, known for their healing properties since ancient times.
History of the city of Aguascalientes
This area was first inhabited 20 thousand years ago. Archaeological finds tell us about it. The first Europeans arrived here in 1530. Colonizers almost immediately began waging war with the natives and after defeating them, the conquistadors began using the natives as slaves.
In 1575 Juan de Montoro Rodriguez ordered the establishment of a post intended as a resting place. It was located on the road between the cities of Mexico City and Zacatecas. The settlement grew and developed very quickly and soon became an important trading post. In 1835 it was made a separate state, which consisted of 4 counties:
- Guadalupe – the most beautiful pastures of Mexico are located here;
- San Marcos – it is famous for its Baroque church and neoclassical garden;
- La Salud – known for a large monastic complex consisting of a cemetery, a church and a plaza;
- Triana – this part of Aguascalientes is famous for its ancient architecture.
Weather in the city
An arid tropical climate with a relative humidity of 60% prevails here. The average temperature is +26 °C, with an annual rainfall of 952 mm. Oddly enough, but the hottest month is September, the mercury column at this time exceeds +30 ° C.
December has the coldest weather, with an average of +22 °C. Most often it rains in October, the norm for this month is 136 mm. February is the driest month with 45 mm.
What to see?
During a tour of the city of Aguascalientes, tourists should visit the historic center, famous for its monuments of Victorian and modern architecture, the old park Plaza de la Patria, founded in 1808, and the Government Palace. The structure is decorated with arches, galleries and tall columns. Also worth a visit are the thermal springs, where you will be offered health treatments.
Be sure to visit the attractions of the city, such as:
- The Temple of St. Anthony – it is considered the most beautiful in Latin America and is made in the eclectic style. It began to be built in 1895 and was finished in 1908. The church has the largest organ in Mexico, and the best masters play it. The interior of the temple is decorated with bas-reliefs and paintings that tell of the miracles performed by St. Anthony.
- The National Museum of Death is located in the cultural part of Aguascalientes and is dedicated to objects that are in one way or another related to death. Most of the exhibits were donated by the writer Octavio Gil Bajonero. The institution has an exhibit of 2,000 works of sacred, pre-Hispanic, and contemporary art.
- Museum of Counterinsurgency – it depicts events dating back to the period of the indigenous struggle for their independence. The institution is housed in the city’s largest house, the courtyard of which includes almost every plant species of the region. The institution is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Jose Guadalupe Posada Museum – it is dedicated to the work of the graphic artist. Here you can see the original printed plates, thanks to which the author created his images, as well as collections of his works.
- Museum of local history – its exposition introduces you to the cultural heritage of Mexico. The main exhibit is the building itself, which was built in 1914 and includes various artistic styles. There are 9 rooms, arranged chronologically and opening a new turn in the history of Aguascalientes.
Where to stay?
The city has about 65 hotels, which are rated from 3* to 5*. Hotel rooms are equipped with satellite TV, minibars and bathrooms. There are swimming pools, fitness centers, and parking lots. Here the guests can use the laundry services and visit the restaurant and bar, which prepare continental dishes. The best hotels in Aguascalientes are considered:
Restaurants in the city
Aguascalientes, Mexico is home to a huge number of eating establishments that will offer you a meal to suit all tastes and wallets. The most famous restaurants in the city are:
- Restaurant La Estacion – Here you can enjoy traditional Mexican food;
- La Mestiza – a cafe with Latin American cuisine;
- Las Costillas De Sancho – a steakhouse where most dishes are grilled.
The best place for shopping in Aguascalientes is the shopping center Centro Comercial Altaria. There are boutiques, cinemas, playgrounds, cafes, etc. You can buy original souvenirs in such shops as Rojo Violeta, Orgánicos Monte Verde, Organicos Monte Verde or FL Grupo – Frutland.
You can get to Aguascalientes from almost all major cities in Mexico by plane. The city has an international airport, which was built in honor of Jesus Peredo. It is also possible to get here by car along the Lib. Carretero/México 45D, Carretera Federal 47D/Carr. Palmillas – Apaseo el Grande and Paseo de la República/México 57 N. There are toll roads along the route.
Points of interest in Aguascalientes
Shrine of St. Anthony Museo José Guadalupe Posada Regional History Museum Aguascalientes Museum Anti-rebel Museum Aguascalientes Airport Victoria Stadium National Museum of Death Golf Club Cabo del Sol
This site contains Aguascalientes attractions – photos, descriptions, and travel tips. The list is based on popular travel guides and presented by type, name and rating. Here you’ll find answers to what to see in Aguascalientes, where to go, and where are the popular and interesting places in Aguascalientes.
Temple of St. Anthony
The Temple of St. Anthony in Aguascalientes is considered a gem of Latin American eclecticism.
The architectural masterpiece was erected in Aguascalientes by architect Refugio Reyes. Construction of the temple began in 1895 and was completed in 1908.
Originally this cathedral was supposed to be the main temple of the Benedictines, but later it was transferred to the Augustinian order.
The appearance of the cathedral intricately combines different architectural styles – Gothic, Moorish motifs, Neoclassic and Russian Baroque, which is reminded by the dome above the main bell tower, uncharacteristic of Western architecture. The volume of the temple, realized in the form of a cross stretched upwards, ends with a huge glass dome. The interior of the temple is decorated with paintings and bas-reliefs recounting the life and miracles of St. Anthony.
The temple houses one of the largest organs in the country, played by the best musicians.
Jose Guadalupe Posada Museum
The Museo José Guadalupe Posada is a museum that displays the original printed plates with which graphic images were created. The museum is located in the historic Triana neighborhood of Aguascalientes, where the graphic artist José Guadalupe Posada was born and lived.
The museum was opened in 1972, near the church of El Señ or del Encino, built in the 18th century. It is administered by the state and federal government. The area of the museum is small, so there is no bookstore or souvenir shop.
The museum’s collection includes original forms for print on spreads and the rarest collections of Posada’s works that have survived. The covers for a series of books and music collections are of particular interest to visitors. The main pride of the museum is several of Jose Posada’s famous characters drawn for publication in the newspaper, which are cut out and presented in life-size. Visitors to the museum who are intimately familiar with Jose Guadalupe’s images are struck by the small size of some of the plates, which have often been republished monumentally.
Coordinates : 21.87513500,-102.29278900
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Regional Museum of Local History
The Regional Museum of Local History is a place that protects, preserves, and disseminates Mexico’s historical and cultural heritage. It is located on Venustiano Carranza Street in the city of Aguascalientes.
The museum is located in an old house that was built in 1914. The space is adapted to the climatic conditions of the region. The architectural eclecticism of the museum combines different artistic styles. The Mediterranean style is evident in the connections of all rooms to each other. French academism is shown in the symmetry of the facades, executed in two color schemes. Beautiful carved doors, frames and cornices give the building a special charm. In the central courtyard of the museum you can see an abundance of decorative motifs and columns in the Art Nouveau style.
In total, the museum has nine rooms, which are arranged in chronological order. Each room reveals to visitors a new turn of history of both the city of Aguascalientes and Mexico as a whole.
In photo mode, you can view the sights in Aguascalientes by photo only.
Museum of Aguascalientes
The Museo de Aguascalientes is a painting museum that displays the work of the best Mexican artists of all time. It was built in 1903 in the city of the same name. The building was designed by Refugio Reyes Rivas in a neoclassical style. From 1903 to 1915 it was a Catholic college. After a small renovation and an increase in space, a school for girls was organized here, which existed until 1975. To commemorate the fourth anniversary of the official founding of the city of Aguascalientes, the Aguascalientes Museum was opened to the public in October 1975.
The interior of the museum consists of two courtyards. The first is dominated by arches with rectangular columns. The second courtyard has a beautiful garden with fountains. The museum has five permanent galleries with works by artists such as Saturnino Herr n with his “El m s pintor de los mexicanos y m s mexicano de los pintores,” Gabriel Fern ndez Ledesma, Juan de Mata y Pacheco, Jes s F. Contreras and Francisco D az de Le n, as well as two rooms that offer temporary exhibitions of contemporary national art. The museum is open Tuesday through Sunday, the ticket price is 10 pesos.
The Counterinsurgency Museum is located in what was once the largest house in the city and was opened in October 1967 to display the events pertaining to the struggle for Mexican independence.
The museum offers an exhibition that includes an inventory of artifacts that tell the story of the last two centuries in Mexican history, including the defeat of the rebels at the Battle of Puente de Calder n.
The museum’s courtyard is a unique garden that incorporates the flora of the region.
In recognition of its historical value, the museum has been inscribed by UNESCO on the list of Cultural Heritage of Mankind.
This international airport is located in the city of Aguascalientes, in the state of Mexico. Currently, Aguascalientes Airport is one of the main airports in western Mexico.
The airport is built in light colors, which are diluted with a bright logo of blue, green and red. The large sign with the name “Aguascalientes” looks organic to the light structure. The international airport is surrounded by trees and flowers, which make the visit a pleasant experience.
The airport has one terminal with four telescopic ramps and three aircraft parking lots located far from the entrance of the building. The parking lots are used only by regional carriers. The airport’s passenger terminal has been completely renovated and is capable of transporting up to 1.5 million people per year. Upon entering the terminal, each visitor is checked for the importation of prohibited goods, which, if found, are subject to confiscation.
The upper level of Aguascalientes will delight passengers with a new restaurant, vending machines and a business lounge for visitors flying first class. You can rent a car at the airport and travel on your own.
The airport is famous for being built in honor of Governor Jesus Peredo, who was among the first people to recognize and support Benito Juárez, president of Mexico. This fact makes the international airport even more important to the people of Aguascalientes.
Coordinates : 21.70527700,-102.31777700
Estadio Victoria is a sports stadium located in Aguascalientes, a city in Mexico, the capital of the state of Aguascalientes and the administrative center of the municipality of the same name.
The stadium opened in 2003 and has a capacity of 35,000 seats.
The stadium is multifunctional, but is usually used for soccer matches. It is the home field of one of the soccer clubs of Mexico – Necaxa. The first soccer match in Estadio Victoria took place on 29 July – Necaxa played against C.D Guadalajara.
The stadium also hosts amateur matches involving teams from educational institutions in Aguascalientes. Estadio Victoria hosts other competitions, such as basketball and volleyball. Occasionally, concerts are held in the stadium.
National Museum of Death
The National Museum of Death is located in the cultural part of the city of Aguascalientes on the campus of the Autonomous University. The museum is dedicated to the distribution of objects related to the theme of death in Mexico. These objects belonged to the collection of the writer Octavio Gil Bajonero, who donated them to the university.
Octavio Gil Bajonero began his collection with items Mexicans used to decorate their homes during the Day of the Dead. Over the years, the collection expanded with works of fine art by Manuel Manilla, Jose Guadalupe Posada and Francisco Toledo. On November 8, 2006, an agreement was signed between the Autonomous University and Octavio Gil Bajonero for the donation of all works and the creation of a museum. On June 19, 2007, the National Museum of Death opened at the celebration of the 34th anniversary of the university’s founding.
The museum’s collection includes about 2,000 works of pre-Hispanic, sacred, contemporary and artisanal art.
The museum is open Tuesday through Sunday from 10:30 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. Entrance costs 10 pesos and is free on Sundays.
Cabo del Sol Golf Club
The Cabo del Sol Golf Club is one of the most popular golf clubs in Cabo San Lucas.
The golf club has two 18-hole, 72 par courses: the Ocean course and the Desert course, which are recognized as some of the best golf courses not only in Mexico, but also in the world. Each of them offers unique obstacles for the players.
The club also offers guests access to guest houses, sports men’s and women’s rooms, and outdoor bars and restaurants. Beginner players can take private golf lessons.
Coordinates : 22.91826900,-109.83396600
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