Volgograd: Mamaev Kurgan and the echo of the Battle of Stalingrad
The hero-city of Volgograd is the history of the Great Patriotic War and the Battle of Stalingrad, which was a turning point in the war. People come here to see the monumental monuments and squares, places where the memory of the heroes and events of those times is preserved.
The city stands on the Volga River, in which locals and visitors love to swim. There are a lot of public spaces and places for walks. I will tell you what to see and what attractions of Volgograd should be seen first.
Attractions in Volgograd: what to see in the city
The city was founded more than 400 years ago and during this time has changed several names – Tsaritsyn, Stalingrad, Volgograd. The main event in the history of the city was the Battle of Stalingrad – a turning point in the Great Patriotic War. That is why Volgograd became a hero city. Some of the fiercest battles took place on the Mamayev Kurgan, where there is now a memorial complex.
The main attractions are marked on the map – you can plan a walk route yourself.
Embankment, fire boat “Gassitel
In the center of the city on the embankment is the “Gassitel”, a Soviet fire and rescue boat. You can start your walking route around the city from the boat.
Boat is a participant of the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars. In the first one it transported the Red Army troops, but in the second – the food and ammunition, evacuated the wounded soldiers and the population, extinguished fires on other ships and on the shore. The boat sank twice. It is now installed on the waterfront.
You can get to the “Gassitel” from Kalinin Street, from the public transport stop “Chekistov Square”.
Then go to the embankment – to admire the Volga, ponds with fish and turtles. The pedestrian street stretches from the River port to the Volgograd bridge. From the River Station you can go on the river on the boat (tickets are sold at the ticket office, the cost from 150 ₽).
There are two terraces on the waterfront: the upper one near residential areas, public buildings, and parks, and the lower one by the river. In the summer, there are amusement rides and a red granite fountain with a composition of three dancing women in folk costumes, built in 1958. From the fountain starts walking alleys of the embankment, on the sides of which there are trees and flowers. Here you can relax on the benches, swings are set for children.
On the embankment you’ll see a few monuments – to the Hero of the Soviet Union Viktor Stepanovich Kholzunov – a bomber pilot, Peter I and the sailors-heroes. The main element of the embankment was the central granite staircase 40 meters wide. It has 100 steps and eight platforms between the spans.
Museum “Russia – My History”.
Next to the “Gasser” is an interactive museum “Russia – My History”.
Four multimedia exhibitions are available in the museum – “The Rurikovich,” “The Romanovs,” “From the great upheavals to the Great Victory. 1914-1954” and “Russia – My History. 1945-2016”.
The entrance ticket costs 200 ₽ and can be purchased on the museum’s official website. The museum is open from Wednesday to Sunday from 11:00 to 20:00. You can get there by bus number 5 and 98, which go in the direction of the river station.
The Square of the fallen fighters
Then go to the Square of the Fallen Fighters. Here you will find the Eternal Flame, Post No. 1 and an old poplar tree that survived the Battle of Stalingrad. In the fall, winter and spring from 10:00 to 14:00 there are schoolchildren on duty on the square. The guard changes every 20 minutes.
The square is dedicated to the events of the Civil War and the Battle of Stalingrad. There is a common grave, above which there is an obelisk in memory of those killed in the Civil War and the Battle of Stalingrad.
In the square garden there is also a grave of three heroes – Russian Major V.G. Kamenschikov, Spanish Captain R.R. Ibarruri and Tatar – Captain H. F. Fattiakhutdinov. The monument is made of red and black granite, it depicts a warrior kneeling down. The place has become a symbol of internationalism of the heroes who died defending the country.
There is also a monument to Alexander Nevsky on the square – the prince in an armor holding a battle flag in his right hand.
The square of the fallen fighters is in the center of the city. The landmark is the stop “Heroes’ Alley / Medical University.
Next to the square is the Volgograd Planetarium, a 43-meter three-story building in the Stalinist Empire style, decorated with columns, bas-reliefs and a dome. On top of the dome you can see a seven-meter high sculptural group called “The World”. It represents peaceful life and labor.
Inside is a large hall with 12 columns of pink marble and red precious wood parquet. The exhibits on the first floor of the planetarium are devoted to the Soviet astronautics – a full-size model of the first artificial Earth satellite, the third artificial Earth satellite and the Luna-3 spacecraft, as well as a model of the Vostok spacecraft on which Yuri Gagarin made the first human spaceflight.
The second floor of the planetarium is decorated with rosewood and lemon tree, Karelian birch. The walls of the room are also decorated with stucco and frescoes. There is an 8-meter high Foucault pendulum, which guides show in action during the lectures – and then you can see the speed of the planet’s rotation.
In the planetarium dome is the Hall of Stars. Using projectors, you will see about 6,000 stars and planets at one time.
You can get to the planetarium by bus, get off at the “University” stop. The entrance ticket costs ₽300 and can be purchased at the planetarium website. The facility is open every day from 09:00 to 18:00.
Pavlov House and the ruins of Gergardt mill
During the Great Patriotic War Pavlov’s house was turned into an observation and coordination point for two months. They made sure that the enemy did not reach the Volga. After the war the house was the first to be restored, leaving the half-destroyed wall in memory of those events – there are memorial inscriptions on it: “In this house the feat of arms and labor were merged together” and “Let us defend our native Stalingrad! Now the house is inhabited.
Near the house of Pavlov are the ruins of Gerhardt’s mill. The building was destroyed during the Battle of Stalingrad, but they decided not to reconstruct it, and save it as a visual memoir of the war. You can not approach it, as there are fences on all sides.
One of the symbols of Volgograd and the Battle of Stalingrad – the mill of Gergardt – can be seen only from a distance, because it is dangerous to be inside the building
Panorama museum “The Battle of Stalingrad
Next to the mill there is the museum-panorama “The Battle of Stalingrad”. Here you will see authentic wartime exhibits, learn the history of the Great Patriotic War and the Battle of Stalingrad in particular.
The museum-panorama consists of eight halls, four dioramas, a cinema hall, a library, and a panoramic hall. Panorama museum is considered the most interesting part: the artists depicted on canvas the day of January 26, 1943, when the battle began on the slope of Mamaev Kurgan.
There are also collections of Russian orders and medals, gifts from state and public figures, a letter of commendation from President Franklin Roosevelt of the United States, a sword from King George VI of Great Britain, a memorial plaque with the inscription “To Stalingrad – grateful France” and other exhibits in the museum.
The entrance fee is ₽250. The museum is open in winter from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., Thursday from 1 p.m. to 9 p.m., and in summer from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., Saturday until 8 p.m., and Monday is off. The ticket office closes 30 minutes before closing time. Tickets can also be purchased online.
On Mamaev Hill there is a high relief “Memory of Generations”, the alley of poplars, the remains of the walls that are 46 meters long, the Square of the “Fought to the Death”, the Hall of Military Glory and the monument “Motherland Calls! In the Hall of Military Glory on the Mamayev Hill there is an eternal flame, and on the walls you can see 7200 names of people who died in the Battle of Stalingrad. Admission is free.
A staircase of 200 steps leads to the top of the Mamaev Kurgan, each of which symbolizes a day of the Battle of Stalingrad. Then a view of a sculpture of a soldier with an assault rifle in one hand and a grenade in the other will open.
On the walls-ruins are carved oaths of the inhabitants of Stalingrad, as well as figures of soldiers, images of tanks and weapons. Inside the walls are loudspeakers, from which you can hear the sounds of gunshots and military songs. Walk also to Mourning Square to the sculpture “Mourning Mother,” a symbol of the grief that overtook the country at that time. Marshal Chuikov is also buried here.
The “Motherland Calls” is one of the highest monuments in the world. This is a female figure 52 meters high (together with the pedestal – 87 meters).
There is a canal in the Krasnoarmeisky district of Volgograd, which ends near the city of Kalach-on-Don. The level of the Don River is 44 meters above the level of the Volga, so the canal is equipped with 13 locks. For a ship to come out of the Volga into the Don it has to be raised on 88 meters and then lowered on 44 meters to the Don. The gateway No.1 is equipped with a grand arch, which rises 40 meters above the channel. On top of the structure are banners with sickle and hammer, anchors and stars.
You can get here by bus number 2 from the railway station to the stop “Lenin Canal”.
If you want to learn more about the sights of Russia, see our research.
On the lintel of the arch you will see the inscription “Glory to the Soviet People – Builder of Communism” on one side and “Glory to the Great Lenin” on the other
What else to do in the city
For fans of music and car audio systems in different places in the city are often held competitions, which are usually warned in advance – posted posters in social networks. You can come by car, sit to listen to the bass, or just watch the car show. Often the event takes place in the parking lot of the Marmalade Mall.
At the Volgograd City Helipad, you can have a date for ₽12,000, which includes fruit, drinks, and decorations, and for an additional fee, you can book a photographer and live music. From here you have a view of the Volga River, Mamaev Kurgan, and all the sights.
The site can be rented for ₽6,000 per hour, and you can also take a helicopter flight from here (10 minutes for ₽10,000).
Volgograd Central Park
If you’re visiting with kids, head to Volgograd Central Park to ride the Ferris wheel and take pictures of the panorama of the city and the Volga River. Here you will find trampolines, merry-go-rounds, swings, shooting gallery and rope town. Entertainment costs from 150 ₽. Sometimes in the park there is an animation program for children – treasure hunting or traveling with fairy tale characters. There are also special areas for roller skaters, skateboarders and cyclists.
Formula Kart Club
In the karting club “Formula-Kart” you can take a ride on the racing tracks in sports cars. The club is open from 10:00 to 21:00 every day.
Tickets cost from ₽400. You will need to drive to the Aquarelle Mall.
Tsaritza River floodplain.
There is an ice rink next to the embankment, which works even at plus temperatures, but only in winter. The entrance ticket costs 400 ₽. Right on the ice you can buy food at the Pancake Beri Café. All day long music plays, and in the evening you can watch how different colors illuminate the bridge over the floodplain.
This stadium was built for the 2018 FIFA World Cup. The capacity of the arena is 45,000 seats. “Volgograd arena” has the largest cable-stayed roof in the country, which resembles a wheel with spokes. Metal ropes were used in the construction.
You can get to the stadium by subway – the station “Central Stadium”.
You can get inside on the days of events, such as a match of the local soccer team “Rotor” or a concert
Where to eat in Volgograd
Volgograd region is considered a fish region. The local cuisine is dishes made of fish. It is stuffed, baked, made cutlets, jellied, added to okroshka. Among the traditional dishes are kazak pike, stuffed pike, crayfish stew and fish soup.
Residents and visitors recommend visiting Friends Bar, Fat Mao, Organza, Gretel, Blues Rock Cafe, Funnel, Rice, and Stolbova Coffee.
The Friends Bar establishment hosts stand-up shows every weekend. The room is styled as a bar or eatery, where people go for a drink – the room is semi-dark. The average bill is ₽700.
Fat Mao is an Asian joint. They serve wok noodles, let you assemble your own pan-Asian dish, and serve large portions. The average bill is 200-500 ₽.
In the center of Volgograd, there is a cafe called Organza in the Shaiba building. The interior of the institution is filled with green plants and natural materials. The cafe has a view of the Volga from the panoramic windows. There are several zones and levels – for large companies, secluded seats, swings, a zone for watching movies, a children’s room, a place to work. The average bill is ₽1,500.
Gretel’s Coffee House will delight guests with a large menu featuring avocado dishes, handmade desserts with chocolate, and fragrant coffee. This is a cozy European cafe with light author’s dishes, real croissants and other pastries. The average bill is 600-1200 ₽.
Blues Rock Cafe will impress fans of such music with its appearance. There are posters, wooden tables, and benches all over the place. It often hosts concerts and a bar. The average bill is ₽500.
Funnel Coffee & Wine Shop offers neon signs for photos and coffee, wine, cocktails, desserts, breakfast, and other food. The price of a cup of cappuccino is 150-220 ₽.
At Stolbovaya Coffee in the river port of Volgograd you can drink hot drinks in a pleasant and cozy space. Employees of the institution will also offer to buy beans of unusual species. The price of a cup of cappuccino is 110-190 ₽.
When to go to Volgograd
Summers in Volgograd are sweltering, with seasonal temperatures reaching 37 ° C. This time is also the peak activity of mosquitoes and midges. To enjoy excursions and walks, use essential oils with a pungent smell. Locals just rub them into the skin, which scares away insects. Hot summer is good for water activities – wakeboarding, windsurfing, water park, swimming in the pool or river.
In summer, the water temperature in the river is about 26 ° C. In late spring and early fall – 18 ° C. There are beaches all over Volgograd – free “Beavers”, “Crete” – from 200 ₽ per entrance, “Wharf” – from 250 ₽ per entrance, “Camel” – from 60 ₽ per entrance.
Spring in Volgograd comes in April, during this season the temperature can reach 20 ° C. However, it also rains at this time.
In the fall, the temperature averages 13 ° C, and towards the end of the season the rains begin. In winter in Volgograd the temperature can be -15 ° C, but because of the strong wind it seems even colder.
How to get to Volgograd
Gumrak International Airport is located beyond Volgograd. You can get from there to the city center in an hour by bus number 6 for 25 ₽ or about 30 minutes by train to the train station for 40 ₽.
By train you can come from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sochi, Anapa, Simferopol and other cities. In Volgograd there are commuter trains from cities such as Saratov and Kamyshin.
By car and bus you can get to Volgograd from Rostov, Saratov, Voronezh and Astrakhan.
How to get around the city and its surroundings
A bus, streetcar, trolleybus and high-speed streetcar fare costs ₽25. The streetcar runs through almost the entire city. Some stations in the center look like the subway – are underground.
In Volgograd, there are Uber, Yandex, Veset, Maxim, and Gett cabs. Trips around the city – from 100 ₽, to the airport – from 170 ₽, to the neighboring locality Volzhsky – from 400 ₽.
You can also rent a car, for example, in the rental CarBooking or Avis. A car will cost from 1,500 ₽ for a day.
There are also scooter rentals in Volgograd, which work all year round – Urent, BusyFly, “Kruty-Katay”, where the price per minute is 5-6 ₽. Mobee bike rentals are also available – an hour costs 50 ₽.
River transport runs along the whole of Volgograd. Prices start at 58 ₽ and tickets are purchased at the ticket office. In winter, the transport does not work.
Where to stay in Volgograd
It is better to stay in the city center, where you can get to many attractions on foot. Voroshilovsky and Soviet district will do. The latter is located near the speed streetcar stations.
Hotel Volgograd is located in the center of the city. It has a restaurant and conference rooms. The cost per day starts from 3600 ₽.
Hotel Khutorok is located in a quiet place, but almost in the center of Volgograd. The building is a log cabin, so it seems that you are outside the city. Rooms cost from 2000 ₽.
In the park-hotel “Beavers” you can swim in warm water, even in winter right outdoors in the pool under the open sky. There is also a restaurant, a Russian bath, and a hammam. You can rent a room for the sum from 7000 ₽.
In hostels, for example in “Kapsula vremeni Carlsule hotel” you can spend a night for ₽1000. In the city there is also a themed “Scotch Hostel”, which is located next to the railway and bus station. There are four designs available to guests – each room is decorated in the style of a particular country, such as England.
What to bring from Volgograd
From Volgograd bring Uryupinsk down shawls brand “Uzory”. The production itself is located in the Volgograd region, and there are branded stores in the city.
Volgograd is connected with the events of the Great Patriotic War, so souvenirs on this theme are popular in the city. Usually they are bought in shops at museums and on the Mamaev Kurgan. From the city they bring statuettes of the monument “Mother Motherland” made of natural stone, stylized postcards, shell casings.
Many people bring from their trips natural soap based on mustard and ginger oil with aromatic herbs. It is made in Sarepta, and you can buy such soap in local stores.
You can buy sweet souvenirs in the Volgograd Museum of Ilya Mashkov or in the stores of the main confectionery factory of Volgograd “Confil”. A popular gift is also considered a Volgograd honey, such as watermelon. You can also bring the famous Sarepta cakes based on watermelon honey and mustard oil.
In Volgograd also buy watermelon coffee made from watermelon seeds with chicory and cloves.
Tips for tourists
1. In the house on Mira Street, you can find a workshop of sculptor Pyotr Chaplygin, where his works are located.
2. In Volgograd you can save money on public transport. Just buy an electronic transport card “Volna” in a branch of the Russian Post, in a kiosk “Soyuzpechat” or in the MUP “Metroelectrotrans”. It costs 100 ₽. It costs ₽23 ₽ for a ride on a light rail streetcar, and ₽20 for other public transportation.
3 To get to the restored firehouse building and see the beautiful view of the city, call the Volgograd Museum of Local Lore and book a group tour for ₽250 per person. The observation deck is on the level of the eighth floor. To get up there, you will have to overcome 207 steps.
4. Don’t stay in the Krasnoarmeisky district, because it will take you 1.5-2 hours to get to the city center. Choose Voroshilovsky or Soviet district.
Attractions in Volgograd
This is not the oldest city in Russia, but for four centuries, it managed to change its name from Tsaritsyn and Stalingrad to Volgograd. It is a hero city that bravely stood in the way of fascism and did not surrender to the enemy. Revived again from the ashes and grown megalopolis, Volgograd has become an industrial and cultural center of the south.
What to see in Volgograd in 1 day
For those who want to stay on the lower Volga, there will be no problem what to see in Volgograd. There are many historical sites: memorials, museums, embankments and parks. Popular among tourists are historical sites with old architecture and famous places of military glory.
In the center of the city on the right bank of the Volga rises the Mamayev Kurgan, a place of pilgrimage for all those who know and remember what the Great Patriotic War was. Here, since September 1942, fierce battles were fought for the strategic height. The main element of the mound is the monument “Motherland Calls!”
The ensemble also includes: the walls-ruins, the Square of Mourning, the Square of the Standing to the Death, the Square of Heroes, the German bunker. Nearby are the mass graves of 35,000 soldiers – defenders of Stalingrad.
200 granite steps lead to the top of the mound. That’s how many days the Battle of Stalingrad went on.
You can visit famous monuments around the clock.
Address: Central district.
You can get there by bus 37 to the stop “Mamaev Kurgan”.
“The Motherland Calls!
The world-famous statue Volgograd citizens lovingly call Mama. She has become the main symbol of the city and Russia as a whole. The statue depicts a woman holding a sword above her head and calling into battle. Vuchetich’s creation is so dynamic, as if it is about to come off the pedestal.
“The Motherland” is a complex engineering structure: hollow inside, weighing 8,000 tons, it rises 85 meters. The 33-meter sword alone weighs 14 tons. Inside the statue is pulled by 166 powerful ropes.
You can look at the monument every day at any time.
Address: Mamaev Kurgan.
You can get there by bus number 36 to the Mamaev Kurgan stop.
Hall of Military Glory on the Mamayev Kurgan
Several decades in a row here are held ceremonies dedicated to Victory Day.
The structure resembles a cylindrical building 42 meters in diameter, on the perimeter of which several thousands of names of the fallen Soviet soldiers in the battles for Stalingrad are carved. Every hour since 1968 from 9.00 to 20.00 there is a change of honor guard.
You can see the Hall 24 hours a day.
Take bus number 36 or trolleybus number 8 to the stop Mamaev Kurgan.
See other sights:
Church of All Saints on the Mamaev Kurgan
The snow-white temple is located near the mass grave. It was erected and opened for visitors in 2005. The temple became a part of Mamaev Barrow.
Its interior decoration is impressive: unique in its making three-dimensional icons of Saints Alexander Nevsky, John the Warrior and Dmitry Donskoy, lined with beads and gold threads, huge gold chandeliers forged in forge shops. There are no murals on the walls yet, as they have not shrunk sufficiently.
Mode of operation: Daily, 9 a.m. to 7 p.m.
Address: Mamaev Kurgan, 4.
You can get there by bus number 95 to the stop “Mamaev Kurgan”.
This 5-story building, with the inscription “Gergardt” on the side, used to be a mill. Before the war it was an unremarkable building, which later turned into a monument to the heroism and bravery of Soviet soldiers.
The half-destroyed walls are riddled with deep marks from bullets and shells. The collapsed walls and roof with mangled windows have preserved the truth about the horrors of World War II. The mill was not purposefully restored, leaving it untouched.
You can see the building every day at any time.
Address: 47a Marshala Chuikov Street.
To get there take bus number 1, 20, trolleybuses number 9, 10a to the stop “Lenin Square. Lenin Square” stop.
Pavlov’s House stands in the center of Volgograd. This is a testament to the human feat and sacrifice.
The seemingly inconspicuous 4-story building named after Yakov Pavlov – the point where as many as 58 days and nights 25 Soviet soldiers held the line, died, but did not let the enemy through.
The right side of the house has a memorial wall, left – a brick bas-relief with the inscription: “58 days in the fire. Nearby is a mass grave of soldiers-defenders.
A surprising fact: Pavlov’s house is residential.
You can look at the house from the outside 24 hours a day.
Address: street Sovetskaya, 39.
You can get there by bus number 36 to the bus stop “Technical University”.
The large stone temple was built at the expense of the townspeople in the XIX century. The cathedral survived the revolution, but could not withstand German tank armor. In 1954, the temple was restored through the joint efforts of the authorities and the Church. People saved and returned the saved icons and crucifixes. The shrines of the cathedral are divided into two parts: the reliquary, which holds the relics of 23 saints and martyrs, and icons.
The renovated temple has long attracted Christians and tourists.
Working hours: daily, 07.00-19.00.
Address: 10 Lipetsk street.
To get there take buses number 2 and 88 to the stop “Kuznetskaya”.
Memorial complex “Bald Hill”.
Upland on the outskirts of Volgograd residents called “Bald Mountain”. There is no vegetation on top and strong winds blow. The place keeps the memory of bloody battles that lasted 147 days – from September 1942 to January 1943.
The ground is pitted with craters from explosions and scattered with pieces of iron.
People erected a 20-meter obelisk in the shape of a broken bayonet, raised to the sky, below – a bas-relief of a grieving woman and a memorial plaque. This is the memory of the fallen soldiers who gave their lives for the freedom of their descendants. Nearby is a mass grave. “Bald Mountain” is famous for conducting reconstructions of battles, feature films about the Battle of Stalingrad.
It is allowed to visit the complex at any time.
Location: Volgograd, the southern outskirts of the Soviet district. You can get there by bus №31k to the bus stop “Gornaya Polyana” and then walk 2 km.
Volgograd River Port and Station
Attraction of Volgograd, which is worth to visit, is the river station. This is the largest station building in the country: its length is 300 meters, its berths can simultaneously take 6 large vessels. Waiting room comfortably accommodates 700 passengers.
Station and the port was founded in the 60-ies of the XIX century by building a small wooden wharf for the first steamships of the imperial Russia. The station is a favorite place for travelers who prefer to explore the main attractions of the coastal part of town from the decks of pleasure boats.
Working time: daily, 6.00-20.00.
Location: 62nd Army Embankment, 6.
Directions by bus number 98 to the stop “River port”.
Church of John the Baptist.
The Church of St. John the Baptist was built at the end of the 16th century. It remembers the visit of Peter I and the christening of the infant Stepka Razin. The old church, revered by Christians around the world, is still standing. Conveniently located near the river station, the temple attracts tourists wishing to explore the historic site. In the church, which is worth a visit, there is a Sunday school and a library that preserves old chronicles.
Working mode: daily, 08.00-19.00.
Address: Krasnoznamenskaya street, 2.
Get by buses 2, 4 to the stop “Krasnoznamenskaya”.
Where to go in Volgograd tourist interesting places
Tourists in Volgograd attract historical sites and attractive tourist spots. The beauties of the Volga River, the variety of cultural and entertainment events and opportunities for interesting recreation – popular places turn the city into a tourist destination.
Volgograd is a modern megalopolis with a developed infrastructure system, a mass of entertainment facilities and shopping centers.
Volgograd State Circus
The circus is a favorite resting place for city residents. The building is located in the center of the city. The hall holds 1,840 spectators. During the existence of the circus more than 21 million people visited it. The performances are a real show and a performance at the same time: acrobatics, equilibrium, contact training amaze the imagination.