Guam Gorge Mezmay Rock Sail Caucasus Biosphere Reserve Big Azish Cave Mount Oshten Gorge Meshoko
The site contains the sights of Maikop – photos, descriptions and tips for travelers. The list is based on popular travel guides and presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Maikop, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Maikop.
Guam Gorge – a beautiful natural monument, a broken line of narrow gorge stretches for three kilometers between the villages Mezmai and Guamka. Walls of the gorge rise up to 400 meters high, and the boiling Kurdzhips River runs at the bottom of this majestic canyon.
During its history, the gorge has witnessed fierce battles more than once. Samo name Guamsky, according to one version, comes from the name of a young Adygean commander, who defeated the Turkish army here in 1717. Having lured the enemy into the gorge, Adygeans caused a landslide, which blocked the way out, and then from the high walls of the gorge with arrows and stones killed the Turks.
The gorge is a narrow gauge railroad track. Now it carries tourists. Train of three cars leaves the village Mezmay to the House of Cosmonauts, a small cafe in the middle of the gorge. Rails laid on a narrow platform carved in the rock – on the one hand, towering walls of the gorge, on the other side under the precipice murmurs Kurdzhips. You can see the other half of the gorge on foot.
Intricate forms of giant rocks, waterfalls shooting down from a great height, extraordinary variety of vegetation adorning the stone walls of the gorge – all this is worth seeing with your own eyes.
A place of strength, Russian Shambala – a wild, but quite a paradise for nature lovers. Geoanomalous zone of Lagonak highlands, in which Mezmai is located, makes this place unusual. There is not just a special energy, there is a different flow of time, slowed down and relaxed. In the vicinity of the village, which itself is not banal, there are many natural attractions.
Picturesque mountain landscape, gorges, waterfalls, caves, clearest resin air, mesmerizing view of the Caucasus Mountains – here you can walk along the tourist trails, or you can just contemplate. The village has a tourist base, and tourism infrastructure is constantly evolving.
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Tourists who came to the brook Rufabgo, in addition to the famous waterfalls, can also look at the unusual rock Sail. You can see the rock by following the trail behind the waterfall Shnurok, not reaching two hundred meters to the waterfall Bowl of Love. Here, at the confluence of the creeks Rufabgo and Bachurina, towers a majestic hundred-meter cliff with a flat, forested top.
At the foot of it are piled many rock cliffs of the most bizarre shapes and sizes. One of these rocks is called Sail. This huge flat triangular stone rests at its upper end on the wall of the gorge, forming a kind of arch, through which the trail passes. Sail Rock, densely covered with ivy, is very picturesque.
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Caucasian Biosphere Reserve
The Caucasian Biosphere Reserve is one of the first Russian reserves. Initially, the lands where it is located were used as hunting grounds of great princes, but at that time there was already talk about the need to preserve the bison population and to create a reserve. These plans could only be realized under Soviet power – in 1924 the reserve was founded in the mountains of the Western Caucasus.
The Caucasian reserve is the largest in Europe; its area of two hundred eighty thousand hectares preserves unique mountain and foothill ecosystems. More than half of the reserve is covered by untouched forest, there are alpine meadows and glacial landscapes. More than three thousand plant species grow in the reserve, including such relict trees as yew and boxwood. A special pride of the reserve are fir forests. The animal world is also extremely diverse. Here are preserved populations of Kuban auroch and Caucasian red deer, bears, lynxes and of course the bison.
Tours of the reserve are organized for tourists. You can visit the aviary complex for wild animals, walk through the relict Khostinskaya yew tree grove, see the picturesque mountain gorge Devil’s Gate.
Big Azish Cave
Visitor-friendly cave of the Lagonak Plateau (about 1600 m above sea level) has been an official tourist attraction since the late 20th century. It means that one can safely walk along the special paths in it and freely admire the bizarre and fascinating piles of underground formations in the light of spotlights. It is one of the five most beautiful caves in Russia, has several tiers and many different stalactites and stalagmites. The series of halls of the underground kingdom successively opens the view a variety of stone forms and makes you respect the inner life of the earth, which turns out to be so breathtakingly beautiful.
As is often the case in such cases, some particularly expressive natural forms are considered lucky and bring good fortune if touched. Healing water from the underground river is also considered healing. It is also noted a special energy of this space, which has the most beneficial effect on a person.
On a clear day from the capital of Adygea Maikop you can see far in the south a mighty mountain peak, covered with eternal ice. This is Mount Oshten – one of the vertices of Fisht-Oshten range. The height of this mountain is two thousand eight hundred meters. Divided with the Fisht Mountain by a deep gorge, Mount Oshten attracts Russian and foreign tourists who want to feel the stark but majestic beauty of its mountain landscapes.
The name of the mountain means “eternal snow” in Adyghe. And indeed, the mountain is remarkable for its glaciers, which are located below and to the west of all other glaciers of the Caucasus. They also called it “the mountain where the axe is dropped” because of the inaccessibility of its peaks. From the north and south, the mountain is surrounded by hiking trails. There is a lot to see here – the northern side of the mountain rises up with huge stone ridges. And on the southern slopes of Oshten, in addition to mountain beauties, you can find Caucasian chamois. These graceful animals move from rock to rock in small herds.
The Meshoko Gorge stretches along the stream of the same name to the south of Kamennomostskiy village in Adygea. Like many other channels of small rivers flowing into the Belaya, the gorge deserves tourists’ attention with its picturesque waterfalls and many grottoes in its rocky walls.
First, the trail takes you to a huge grotto that was once inhabited by primitive people. The Meshoko Valley abounds with archaeological finds of that time. Then you pass a small spring with clean water and get to the observation deck, which offers a beautiful view of the entire gorge.
From here you will go down into the canyon, to the first of a series of waterfalls. This waterfall is the highest and most powerful in the gorge. After it you will see the whole cascade of smaller but not less beautiful waterfalls. Noteworthy is the Gorka waterfall – local children love to swim in the bowl at its foot.
Along the canyon you can see many easily accessible small caves and grottoes. It is said that in some of them you can find traces of primitive man.
Walking through the gorge takes no more than four hours and requires no special physical preparation.
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Picturesque Meshoko Gorge is located along the highway to Lagonaki, 10-15 minutes walk from the southern outskirts of the village Kamennomostsky. Its name is translated from Circassian as “Bear Valley”. The path to the Meshoko Gorge starts from an abandoned limestone quarry. This place is popular among tourists because of the burial mounds of the Kasoja and Zikh periods, carefully guarding the secrets of these peoples.
The beauty of the Meshoko Gorge is multifaceted, each time a traveler discovers new features – beautiful caves and waterfalls. Walking up the river you reach three waterfalls, after which the gorge is cut by a mountain-forest massif, where there are many giant stones and rocks, which get interesting shapes due to strong gusts of wind. On both sides of the gorge Meshoko is surrounded by grottoes, once inhabited by people. Here tourists often find articles made of bone, as well as ancient tools and the remains of bonfires. The route through the gorge will be of interest to climbers and mountaineers, tourists and archaeologists, as well as photographers and artists.
The most popular attractions in Maikop with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Maikop on our website.
More places of interest in Maykop
Ammonite Valley, Maikop, Russia Raschlina Waterfall, Maikop, Russia House of Zinkovetsky, Maikop, Russia Abandoned adits, Maikop, Russia Waterfall Gorka, Maikop, Russia Rufabgo Creek, Kamennomostsky, Russia
23 sights of Maykop revealing the unique nature of the Caucasus
In the capital of Adygea there are many interesting places for recreation, as well as historical, cultural, archaeological monuments. But, of course, the main attraction is the very beautiful nature of the Caucasus. Thermal springs, Imereten Lakes, Mount Oshten and Fisht, as well as Plateau Lago-Naki – the pristine beauty of wildlife will not leave any guest indifferent.
What to see on the outskirts of Maykop
Trekking along the Lago-Naki plateau
The location of the city has become a reliable base for tourism. You can choose one of the ways of travel along the route: walking by bicycle, on foot, by helicopter, on horseback, by car.
Around the capital of Adygea there are many villages, which are better to use as staging posts and stopping points for a more detailed survey of the surroundings. In particular, near the village of Guzeripl you can visit the complex Sakhrai waterfalls, as well as ancient dolmens.
Maikop thermal springs
This is a unique natural complex. Holidaymakers come to drink water from the healing springs, wander through the woods, breathe the healing air. There are 20 baths which heal 700 people a day. Healing springs are located on the Lago-Naki plateau, in the villages Tsvetochnoye, Kamennomostskoye (Khadzhokh) and Tulskoye. Studies of thermal waters have shown that they contain many valuable trace elements, which have a healing effect on the human body.
National Museum of Adygea
The museum was founded in 1924. Its founder was the Society for the Study of the Adygea Autonomous Region. The work of the museum was a great merit of its director and the only employee until 1935, Ibrahim Aslanbekovich Navruzov. The museum has two halls: the first – an ethnographic hall devoted to the culture and life of the Adygs, the second – about the feats of the Adygs during the Great Patriotic War. The exhibits introduce visitors to its history, life, flora and fauna: stars, corals, stuffed birds from local forests, clothes, shoes, tools, utensils of the Bronze Age people. Especially popular are exhibitions devoted to the culture, life and traditions of the Adygs.
This is a unique archaeological find. By the grandiosity of the construction, scientists have concluded that not an ordinary person, but a high-ranking monarch was buried. The origin of the owner was proved by the rich collections found in the grave. Scientists discovered a burial pit, which was divided into three parts, containing the remains of the master and two maids. All the objects from the burial mound are in the Hermitage. Excavations by a group of scientists led by N. Veselovsky began in 1897. The mound is a cultural heritage of the tribes who lived on the land of Kuban, it dates back to 2500 BC. Its dimensions are impressive: the height is 11 meters, the depth of the burial pit is 10 meters.
Memorial to the Soldiers of the 131st Motorized Rifle Brigade
In 1995, the 131st Motorized Rifle Brigade of Maikop held an offensive position at the railway station in Grozny, but the next day it was torn apart and shot by the militia, led by Dudayev. Many soldiers died in the storming of Grozny. The memorial is dedicated to the memory of the brigade’s soldiers. It includes:
The Church of St. Hergius the Victorious. Two soaring pylons are in the center of the composition. The names of the fallen are immortalized on the granite slabs.
Nearby are placed two combat vehicles. Judging by the armor penetrated by shells you can see that there are not many survivors.
Memorial to the heroes of the Civil War and WWII
Half of the complex is dedicated to the victims of terror perpetrated by the White Guards during the Civil War. This part of the monument was opened in 1927. The events took place in 1918 (September 21). Over 3 thousand people were shot in the city station square. Later (1967), the eternal flame was added to the composition, which was dedicated to the memory of the heroes who died in the fields of WWII. Combat vehicles of those events were installed together with the memorial. By the 50th anniversary of Victory in WWII the monument was reconstructed.
The fortress Meot
It is stylized as a fortification of highlanders with picturesque stone towers, gates and walls. In such fortresses they fought for centuries for their independence. The travelers have a magnificent sight:
Una-Koz Ridge; Lake Red; the Belaya River.
The fortress created a unique theater of life, where the performances, historical musical shows, serve medicinal tea, fragrant kebab. Meot is located in “Khadzhokh Count”, a hotel complex with entertainment programs.
A huge territory (280 thousand hectares) is located in the Western Caucasus. It was declared a protected area in 1924, but the roots of experience in preserving the nature of local places were laid as early as the Grand Duchess’ “Kuban hunting”. Here are located: pristine forests, ice landscapes. The reserve was created to preserve fauna and flora. The theme of the routes is varied. The most popular are trips by helicopter, allowing to see the unique beauty from a height.
The settlement is located in the valley of three gorges at the bottom of an ancient lake. It is surrounded on three sides by mountain ranges: Lagonak, Azish-Tau, and Guam. The place, where only 1000 people live, lives mountain tourism. The surrounding area has a large number of attractions. The most favorite is the “Eagle shelf”, a ledge on Mount Lenin (300 m from the ground), over which the rock overhangs. From it you can get a panorama of surrounding mountains, Lagonak highlands, and the village. In Kurdzhip Gorge you can visit the site of an ancient man in the cave Isichenko, waterfalls near the farm Russian, Palmovy, Sandikov.
The Athos monastery is located near the village Pobeda. He experienced the second birth. The monastery has stood at the foot of Mount Physiabgo since the 19th century. Hieromonk Martyrius, who came from Athos, actively worked here. The monastery became so popular that over 100,000 people made pilgrimages to it each year. The Soviet government dissolved the monastery, making in its place the tourist center “Romance”. Since 2003, the monastery has been restored. Nowadays it gathers a huge number of believers and tourists.
It attracts tourists with its beauty, monumentality and architecture. It was built in 2000 by the Arab Sheikh Khalid Bin Saqr-al-Qassimi. Not usual for the Caucasus architecture is the impressive size of the architectural construction. The building quickly gained popularity, especially since all visitors, regardless of religion, are allowed to enter the mosque. The temple was built in 18 months. The mosque has four minarets and a large dome of heavenly color.
This square used to be called “Drovyanaya”. Here, in 1918, the victory over the White Guards was won, proletariat dictatorship was declared. Red Guards under the command of N. Chekan and D. Shvets took part in the uprising. They went to the square, where there was a detachment of White Guards Colonel Murzaev, it was surrounded and forced to surrender. The memorial was erected in connection with the four hundredth anniversary of the reunification of the Russian Federation and Adygea.
City Park of Culture and Recreation
This is an oasis amidst the noise of the city and the fast-paced traffic. Located near the Pushkin Drama Theater and the stadium “Druzhba”. This is a historical place. The park was laid with the help of soldiers in 1866. During the perestroika the area was neglected. Since 2009 it has been reconstructed. Now there are zones for recreation and walking. There are monuments and busts of famous citizens in the central alley. The park becomes more beautiful every year. The open air swimming pool is a favorite place of the park. There is a Ferris wheel and many other amusement rides. Here once were born, lived or live today such famous people as: fabulist Ivan Andreyevich Krylov, painter Konstantin Vasiliev, popular actors: Bari Alibasov, Lidiya Fedoseyeva-Shukshina, Alexander Soloviev.
The gallery has two halls, one of which is devoted to stationary exhibitions. The second is devoted to temporary exhibitions of paintings by artists of the North Caucasus. The museum holds unique samples of sculpture, painting and graphics. Their total number accounts for 1.3 thousand exhibits. The gallery has held numerous exhibitions of works by artists from Yakutia, Krasnodar and Pyatigorsk. Interest of citizens and tourists in the exhibition materials has not been diminishing for half a century.
Scientists believe that there is nothing like it anywhere else. On it you can find human camps, ancient structures. This is a place of battles of the mountaineers and the Tatars. Here Cossacks fought with the fortifications of Shamil. There are unusual combinations of topography, hundreds of species of herbs, trees, mushrooms, berries. From the plateau begins its way the rivers: Kurdzhips, Pshekha, Tsitse. This is the location of the main “star” Russian caves: the “Cross Tourist”, “Ovechya”, “Olga”, “Anglo-Russian”, “Soaring Bird” systems.
The most famous peak of the Caucasus. The mountain lived in the days of coral abundance, at the bottom of the ancient ocean Tethys. Its height is 2868 meters. This is the highest point of the Lago-Naki plateau. If the sun shines it can be seen from Krasnodar, Sochi, Timoshevsk, Slavyansk-on-Kuban, Armavir. Her name is “The Grey-haired Old Man. The cap of ice resembles a luxurious hairdo. Treasures are found here to this day. Czech scientists collect endemics (unique plants) and insects on it. There is a cave system “Krestik-tourist”, the deepest in Russia (650 m).
This place is the trademark of Khadzhokh. The Great Khadzhokh Canyon ends with the gully. Hollow is a meandering river gorge named Belaya, which is 400 m long and 40 m deep. The mountain river, meandering, then expands to 6-7 m, then narrows to 2. It does not want to accept its narrow bed, it boils, roars, throws splash fountains. There are crossings, stairs, sightseeing platforms for those who want to admire an unusual sight.
Big Azish Cave
Monument of culture is located on the Azish-Tau ridge, at an altitude of 1600 m. Here is a gallery, which is 40 m long, half a meter in height, three and a half in width. It is filled with stalactites and stalagmites of 20 cm to 1 m in length. In the depths are arranged unusually shaped pillars. The room next to it (the altar) is filled with stalactites from floor to ceiling, some resembling images of saints. At its end is a five-meter cliff. The tourists go down the stairs to the “Bogatyrsky” hall. It is a cube (14 x 15m). Then the cave goes into the catacombs, similar to those in Kiev. It is included in the top five most beautiful objects of the Russian Federation.
Oshten peak is visible from Maikop in sunny weather. Its top is covered with snow. The height of the top is 2,808 meters. There are no glaciers, but vegetation is poor: mosses, lichens, small grass. In the north, the mountains are stacked with huge stone ridges. The southern slope is characterized by harmonious scenery. Beautiful views of the mountain can be seen from the north:
Lagonak highlands; Kurdzhips and Tsitse rivers; Nagoy-Chuk ranges, the Stone Sea; neighboring peaks Fisht, Pshekho-Su.
The place is not far from Khadzhokh. The Meshoko River, having cut the rocky ridge of Una-Koz, formed an unprecedentedly beautiful canyon. The height of the rocks reaches 70 meters. This amazing corner of nature is multifaceted and each time turns a new side: the rock canopies, waterfalls, caves, grottoes emphasize its beauty. In ancient times, the largest grotto, according to legend, served as a home for primitive people. Tourists admire the panorama of the gorge from the observation deck. Once they go down, they will see a cascade of large and small waterfalls.
Settlements and villages
Adygeya is not distinguished by huge cities. But some villages are famous among the townspeople and visitors. One of them is the historic village of Kamennomostsky, where during the Russian-Caucasian events, in the 19th century, residents of the aul Hodzhiko held the defense, led by Shamil against the Russian troops. Tour guides strive to show those places, where the national colors of Adygea can be seen especially clearly: Dakhovskaya village, the village of “Victory”, “Guzeripl”, “Yarovaya glade. Tours will allow you to plunge into the folk crafts, culture, and national customs of their inhabitants.
Oriental coloring reigns at the bazaars. For the shopper, the markets are a showpiece, bringing a cascade of positive emotions from the bright colors and resounding shouts of the traders. Here you can buy everything: hand-painted pottery, carpets, jewelry, sweets, fruits, vegetables. In Maykop, there are four large markets: the Central, Western, Central, Eastern and a dozen smaller (household, grocery, confectionery, “Slastena”, iron). Bazaar is one of the favorite places of citizens and tourists.
This is one of the most picturesque sights of Adygea. The tributary of the White Rufabgo River flows through the gorge, where on its way there are ten waterfalls. They are located in Kamennomostskoye. Six unusually beautiful waterfalls particularly stand out in the unique natural phenomenon: Cascade, Noise, Maiden’s Spits, Bowl of Love, Lace (Maiden’s Spit), Heart of Rufabgo. Some routes have excellent equipment (scaffolding, paths, fences).
The length of the gorge is 400 m, the river Kurdzhips flows in it. The route awaits intrepid sportsmen. It has a developed infrastructure: mountain biking, mountain climbing, rafting. On the trails athletes are waiting for the services of instructors and coaches. The gorge is famous not only for the splendor of nature, but also for the narrow-gauge railway, which was built by the townspeople in the early twentieth century (30s) to connect Mezmai and Guamka. The road was used to transport timber. Today it is not working, because it was damaged by a flood in 2002, and in 2011 it was seriously damaged by a landslide.