Tsarskoe Selo: palaces, parks and other sights in Pushkin
The city of Pushkin is considered one of the greenest suburbs of St. Petersburg thanks to its six parks, three of which are imperial. Locals often call this place Tsarskoye Selo. For this is how it was called for centuries before the revolution, and now there is a state museum and reserve of the same name with two palaces.
Russian emperors took a fancy to this place in the early 18th century, establishing a residence here. In the early 19th century, when Alexander I reigned, Tsarskoye Selo was united with neighboring Sofia, and given the status of a town. During Soviet times it became a children’s village, and in 1937 on the anniversary of Pushkin’s death, it was named after the poet.
Sights marked on the city map:
Address: Sadovaya ul. 7 (in the Catherine Palace Park) Phone: 8 (812) 465-94-24 Website: http://www.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/c_atherine Working hours: 10 am – 6 pm, closed on Tuesday. Ticket sale from 10:00 to 16:45 (entrance to the exhibition until 17:00). During autumn, winter and spring school vacations ticket sales from 12:00 to 16:45 (admission to the exhibition until 17:00). The prices: adults – 700 rubles, pensioners – 350 rubles, cadets, regular servicemen, members of artists, architects and designers unions of Russia – 350 rubles, school and university students – 350 rubles, persons under 16 – free of charge. Russian speaking group tours are included in the price of the admission ticket. The cost of guided tours for groups of free categories of visitors (from 10 to 30 persons) is 3000 rubles.
Catherine Palace demonstrates the work of the best architects of the 18th century. During the years when the palace served as the residence of the tsars, it was several times reconstructed. In its original form, back in 1724, it was small and was popularly called Catherine’s “stone chambers.
Elizabeth during her reign changed a number of architects and finally opted for Rastrelli. It was his decision to alter the wooden galleries, and the enfilade was rebuilt and stretched along the entire length of the palace. The blue color chosen was unusual for those years and was complemented by white paint and gilding, for the manufacture of which 100 kg of gold were spent. By 1756 all the sculptures had acquired a gold plating. At the same time the Amber Room was modernized: gilding was added, and paintings of jasper and amber appeared.
Later Catherine II reconstructed the building, ordered to remove the gilding and paint the walls, and created the Dormitory, as well as the Arabesque and Lyon Drawing Rooms. The last two rooms have still not been restored after they were destroyed during the Great Patriotic War.
A total of almost 60 rooms were destroyed during the war, of which only 32 have now been restored. The restoration of the palace continues to this day. The artists are proud of the restored Amber Room – an architectural masterpiece, presented to Peter I by the Prussian king Friedrich Wilhelm I and transported to Russia in 1717. During the war the Amber Room vanished without a trace, and the mystery of its disappearance still remains unsolved: according to one version, it burned down, while another says it was stolen by German troops.
At the moment you can visit the Catherine Palace:
- Throne and Picture Rooms
- Amber room
- The Crimson and Green Pillar Rooms, called so because of the colored pilasters
- The White Drawing Room and the Green Drawing Room
- Waiting Room and Dormitory
Address: Sadovaya ul. 7 Phone: 8 (812) 465-94-24 Website: http://www.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/catherine_park Working hours: from September to April the park is open to visitors from 7 am to 9 pm, in May and June the park is open to visitors from 7 am to 11 pm, in July and August the park is open to visitors from 7 am to 10 pm Cost: from May to October – 150 rubles (adult), 40 rubles (pension), 80 rubles (for students over 16 years, members of the Creative Unions of Russia, military personnel). Free for visitors under 16 years old. Admission for one month – 550 rubles for adults, 450 rubles for pensioners. Entrance during winter is free.
Catherine Park united two different in style parks: the regular Old Garden and the English landscape park. According to the legend, Peter I himself had planted in the Old Garden sycamore alleys and oaks. The garden was laid out on three ledges according to the plan of Dutch masters. On the third ledge the Mirror Ponds were organized, and on the river – the Upper and Mill Ponds. The last of them is now united with a number of Lower ponds, going as a cascade.
The sculptures that adorn the park appeared during the reign of Elizabeth. “Grotto” and the pavilion “Hermitage” were designed by the architect Rastrelli, who also changed the shape of the Great Pond.
In the 70-ies of the XVIII century here was built Admiralty complex, built Hermitage kitchen and built “soap rooms” – pavilions Upper and Lower Baths, that is, baths for the royal family. At the same time the architect V.I. Neelov began to lay the second part of the park, called the English Park.
The most convenient way to buy tickets to the park is in the building of the Hermitage Kitchen, next to which there is a parking lot for cars. Here you can also buy a ticket to visit the Catherine Palace and the buildings inside the park – the Hermitage Pavilion, the Lower Bath, and the Turkish bath. Near the entrance there is an information board with an index of attractions.
Address: 2 Dvortsovaya St. (inside Alexandrovsky Park) Phone: 8 (812) 415-76-06 Website: http://www.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/alex_ander
In September 2015, the Alexander Palace Museum was closed for restoration work. Final completion of work on the Alexander Palace is not planned before 2022.
Alexander Palace was ordered by Catherine the Great after the wedding ceremony of her grandson Alexander I. It was opened in 1796.
The palace is discreetly beautiful and is a model of classical style both outside and inside. The walls of the Enfilade, which runs along the garden facade of the palace, are decorated with artificial marble. The dynamics is set by the wide arches separating this large hall into three parts:
- The Semicircular Room (in the middle).
- The Portrait Room (on the east)
- Billiard Room (on the west)
To the left of the Parade Enfilade are:
- The Room with the Slide
- Corner Drawing Room
On the right side are:
- Courtyard Church
- Concert Hall
- Living rooms
Not all of the interiors designed by the architect Quarenghi have survived to this day, as in the 19th century some rooms were rebuilt. The inner courtyard of the palace was also reconstructed. At the time of Alexander I it was paved with marble, but later the stone was replaced by green lawn.
Address: 2 Dvortsovaya St. Phone: 8 (812) 465-20-24 Website: http://www.tzar.ru/museums/palaces/alexander_park Working hours: 07.00-21.00 Cost: free admission
Alexander’s Park deservedly bears the name of Emperor Alexander I: the Tsar made it for himself as he liked to walk there as his grandmother Catherine the Great. The park covers 200 hectares, and tourists usually get there through the Chinese Bridge, which is located at the entrance to Catherine Palace. There is also another entrance – the gate at the Alexander Palace.
The park consists of two parts: the Regular Park with regular avenues, flower beds, well-groomed trees, and the English Park, which looks more like a forest than a park.
Walking through the Regular Park, it is worth looking at:
- Parnassus fill mountain.
- The “Fungus” earth mound.
- Five Chinese style bridges
- Chinese Village and Theatre
The sights of the English (landscape) park are three ponds with funny names:
The English part of Alexandrovsky Park flows smoothly into the Farmer’s Park, laid out next to the complex of buildings of the Imperial Farm. Fedorovsky Sovereign Cathedral, built on the shore of Bucket Pond, is the main attraction of this part of the park.
Memorial Museum-Lyceum (Tsarskoselsky Lyceum)
Address: Sadovaya ul. 2 Phone: 8 (812) 467-64-11 Website: http://www.museumpushkin.ru Working hours: 10.30 – 18.00, the ticket office until 17.30. Day off is Tuesday. Sanitary day – last Friday of the month. Museum-Liceum Garden opening hours: Every day from 07:00 till 23:00 Cost: without tour – 150 rubles (adults), 60 rubles (pensions), 40 rubles (students (full-time students) from 16 years old), free of charge – children till 16 years old and schoolchildren till 18 years old. With excursion – 270 rubles (adults), 180 rubles (pensions), 180 rubles (students (full-time students) from 16 years old), 120 rubles (children under 16 years old).
Tsarskoe Selo Lyceum is known to us as the school where Alexander Pushkin was brought up. “Fatherland to us Tsarskoe Selo,” wrote the great poet. The school opened in 1811 and accepted only children from noble families. Pushkin was in the first intake of the Lyceum.
The educational institution is known for its traditions. After graduation examinations, the Lyceum staff used to break the bell which used to collect students for classes. The shards were distributed to the graduates as a symbol of warmth and love for the students of the Lyceum. Alexander Pushkin’s graduation also received rings with an inscription to remember, which became a talisman for the former Lyceum students.
The museum recreates the atmosphere and spirit of the first graduates of the Lyceum. Relying on archival materials, the museum staff created the Great Hall, the Newspaper Room, the study rooms and the library room. Here you can see the bedrooms of students and rooms of the governess S.G. Chirikov, who lived half his life in the Lyceum. There is an exhibition, which helps to learn about the lives and fates of graduates of the school of different years.
Historical and Literary Museum of Pushkin
Address: 28 Leontievskaya St. Phone: 8 (812) 466-55-10 Website: http://ilmp.ru Working hours: daily from 10:00 am to 5:30 pm, Monday through Friday. – Weekends. Cash desk works from 10:00-17:00 Cost: 120 rubles (adults), 50 rubles (privileged categories). Excursion for one person – 1200 rubles, group of 2-10 people inclusive – 120 rubles per person, 11-25 people inclusive – 70 rubles per person. Interactive and thematic tours – from 120 rubles.
Exhibits of the museum tell about life in Pushkin over the centuries. Photographs, historical documents, paintings and objects of the interiors help you to immerse yourself in the old way of life. According to museum workers, visitors are impressed by the exhibition “Tsarskoselsky tavern”. The hall shows antique samovars, dishes and gramophones. At the ticket office you can order tea in the “Tsarskoselsky tavern” for 800 rubles.
Another feature of the museum is that one of its rooms has a good view of the restored Catherine Temple, which is considered to be the main temple of the city.
The museum staff arrange city tours (on foot and by bus), as well as tours devoted to parks, cathedrals, and other historical places in the city.
Babolovsky Palace and Park
Address: Krasnoselskoe shosse, 65 (the nearest bus stop to the park and the palace) Working hours: open 24 hours Cost: free admission
The Babolovsky park is located to the northwest from the Krasnoselskoye Highway. It is worth going there to see the dilapidated Babolovsky Palace with a huge stone bath and the Taitsy aqueduct.
The park takes its name from the Finnish village Pabola, where it is located. Later, when this land became Russian, there was dug a pond, drained bogs, planted shrubs and deciduous trees. The founder of this landscape park is considered to be the architect I.V. Neelov.
In the middle of XVIII century by order of Empress Catherine II along the park was laid a water duct, coming from the springs of Taitsy hills. Initially it was wooden canals, later they were faced with stone. According to legend, Catherine II considered this water useful and drank only it. During the reign of Empress on the territory of Babolovsky Park was built first a wooden house for Prince G. Potemkin, and then a one-story stone palace with seven rooms and a large bath.
Alexander I, who liked to bathe in cold water, had already built a bathtub with the capacity of 8000 bucketfuls of water from the whole piece of granite in the palace. For this purpose the bathing house was rebuilt. The palace was also used for other purposes: it is considered to be the place where Alexander met one of his favourites.
Unfortunately, during the Second World War the buildings of the park and waterworks were seriously damaged. However, the Tsar bath has remained standing in the half-destroyed walls, and you can look at it through the lancet window of the palace.
Fragments of the Taitsy aqueduct survived in the area of the Babolovsky Palace. At the end of the 80s there was an attempt to reconstruct the aqueduct, but it failed.
Fedorovsky Gosudar Cathedral
Address: 34 Akademicheskiy prospect, 34 Phone: +7(812) 466-66-97 (chancery), +7(812)466-61-69 (on-duty) Website : http://gosudarevsobor.cerkov.ru Working hours: 09:00 (Saturday and Sunday from 7.30) -18:50 At Christmas, Easter, the Day of the Kings Martyrs (July 17) and some holidays – around the clock. Cost: free admission
Fedorovsky Cathedral is located in the lower part of Alexandrovsky Park, where the Farmers’ Park begins. It was built for the officers of the Imperial Composite Regiment and Convoy. It is believed that the place for the temple was chosen by Nicholas II himself, who laid the first stone of the foundation.
The architect V.A. Pokrovsky created by order of the emperor a one-domed cathedral somewhat reminiscent of Moscow’s Annunciation Cathedral. The temple has not only an upper church, but also a lower church, where services were held for the royal family in the wintertime. Entrance to the temple in the early 20th century ordinary people were allowed only during Orthodox holidays, and then – on special invitations.
Near Fedorovsky Cathedral, Nicholas II planted oaks in honor of the birth of his children. On this spot was later erected a monument to the emperor.
The temple was opened to the public only after the revolution, but in the Stalin era it was converted into a movie theater, leaving the dome and exterior decoration. The building was seriously damaged during the war and was restored only in 1995. The cathedral is known among the faithful revered list of Fedorov icon of the Mother of God.
24 Sights of Pushkin (Tsarskoye Selo) worth seeing
The poet’s house-museum is the center of the exposition, with it begins the acquaintance with the reserve. Guests first enter the front room, where the exhibits telling the history of the estate are presented. The most valuable of them are the estate plan from 1786 and a lithograph depicting the house in Pushkin’s time (the only surviving image from that period).
To the left of the anteroom is the maiden’s room (the nurse’s room). In this room the maidens were engaged in needlework, so the center of the exhibition is embroideries. Also here are letters of Arina Rodionovna to Pushkin and other documents.
Interior of the main house in Mikhailovskoye, A.Savin
From the maiden’s room, guests enter the parents’ room. Besides family portraits, the exposition contains copies of drafts and letters of Alexander Sergeyevich during his exile in Mikhailovo.
In the next room there are portraits of family members (I. A. Hannibal, A. F. Pushkin, E. P. Hannibal, V. L. Pushkin and N. O. Pushkina. From the windows of the hall offers a panorama of the area where the village was located.
Next, guests pass into the dining room. This room tells about Pushkin’s village life and his work during this period. In exile he was visited by his lyceum friends, their portraits decorate the walls of the dining room. Also here you can see the personal belongings of Pushkin and Lanskys (dishes, objects for playing billiards, etc.).
The tour ends with the great poet’s study. There are memorial items in the room – a desk, chair, inkwell, pen stand and other pieces of furniture and interior.
The house-museum of Alexander Pushkin in the winter:
Information for custom groups
The cost of the excursion service for groups of 10 people or less (including booking **)
|Groups of 10 people or less|
|students from 16 years old||3460 rubles|
|persons under 16 years old and schoolchildren under 18 years old (group of 16 persons +1)||3460 rubles|
|mixed group: – pupils up to 16 years old and adults – or students 16+ and adults (in case of excess of adults the fee is paid as an adult group)||4700 rubles.|
|In exceptional cases, with a possible increase in the group (at the discretion of the administration), the cost of each additional ticket will be|
|adults||380 rubles for adults.|
|students age 16+, pensioners, schoolchildren under 18 years old||210 rubles|
BUY TICKETS ONLINE
Order №40 about change of ticket price from the 1st of May, 2021 (.pdf, 320 KB) THE PRESCRIPTION OF SERVICE from the 1st of April, 2021 (.pdf, 398 KB)
(.pdf, 352KB) MUSEUM RULES FOR SALE AND RETURN (.pdf, 334KB)
Visitors are admitted only with a guided tour (group of 10 people) or an audio guide.
Visitors are admitted according to the sessions according to the schedule posted in the ticket office. Each session is allowed to 1-10 visitors, who can stay in the museum for no more than 1 hour, observing the social distance of 1.5 – 2 meters. The start time of the session is indicated on the ticket.
It is recommended to plan a visit to the museum in the morning, as the number of tickets is limited.
Total cost of guided tours for groups
|Pensioners, pupils under 18 years old and students older than 16||7200 rubles.|
|The admission of made-to-order groups by preliminary applications before the museum opening at 10.30 and after 17.15 (according to the museum capacities)|
|The cost of the tour for each group will be:|
|pensioners, pupils and students||8000 rubles.|
A surcharge of 100 (one hundred) rubles per group is added to the cost of the museum ticket booking. In case of return less than 2 days before the excursion the sum of the reservation is not refundable.
Only the memorial part of the museum is open – the 3rd and 4th floors.
You can leave your wishes about visiting the Museum-Liceum on the mail of the department [email protected] or call us at (812) 476-64-11, 451-60-55, 451-63-87.The excursion organizer will contact you during the working day.
The Pushkin Memorial Museum-apartment accepts visitors free of charge (except for made-to-order groups):
- on Alexander S. Pushkin Memorial Day, February 10;
- The International Day of Museums on May, 18;
- The Pushkin Day of Russia on June 6.
The right to receive a free admission ticket are:
1. Heroes of the Soviet Union, Heroes of the Russian Federation, full Cavaliers of the Orders of Glory; 2. Russian citizens awarded the title of Hero of Socialist Labor and Russian citizens awarded the Order of Labor Glory of three degrees.3. Veterans, participants and disabled veterans of the Great Patriotic War.4. Persons awarded the medal “For the Defense of Leningrad” and the insignia “Resident of the Siege of Leningrad”, home front workers.5 Former minors in concentration camps, ghettos, other places of detention created by the Nazis and their allies during World War II, including those recognized as disabled due to general illness, labor injury and other reasons.6 Veterans and disabled veterans of military actions on the territory of the USSR.7. rehabilitated victims of political repressions.8. liquidators of the Chernobyl accident.9. group I disabled persons (RF citizens) and accompanying disabled visitors.10. group II disabled persons (RF citizens).11. children under 7 years old.12 Orphans and children under guardianship, as well as those in orphanages of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus (for the group by prior arrangement).13. Disabled children and their accompanying person.14. Persons who live in the orphanages of the Russian Federation and the Republic of Belarus (by prior arrangement).15. Large families (all family members).16. Cadets of military educational institutions of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, the Federal Security Service and the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia.18. Cadets of military schools (a group of more than 5 persons is accepted as a contract group).19. Persons under 18, as well as those studying on the main professional educational programs are entitled to a free visit once a month:
- Museum-estate of G.R. Derzhavin and museum-apartment of N.A. Nekrasov – the third Thursday of the month;
- Museum-apartment of Alexander Pushkin, literary and monographic exhibition “Alexander Pushkin. Life and Work”, the Museum-Liceum, museum-apartment of Alexander Pushkin – the third Sunday of the month.
20. Full-time students of the institutions of higher education administered by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.21. Employees of the museums administered by the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.22. Employees of the central office of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation and members of the ICOM, members of the “Creative Union of Museum Workers of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region”.
Inquiries by phone: (812) 571-35-31
Programs at the Museum-Liceum
|Ticket price for the holiday event “Long live the Lyceum” with a guided tour of the museum|
|for all categories||400 rubles.|
|Group of preschoolers up to 18 people + 2 (two) accompanying persons free of charge.|
|total price||1200 rubles.|
|Cost of individual sightseeing tour for up to 20 people + entrance tickets|
|for adults and mixed groups||3000 rubles.|
|Initiation into gymnasium / lyceum students|
|Price of one ticket||400 rubles.|
|ceremonial ceremony/excursion||220 rubles 180 rubles.|
|one accompanying person||free of charge|
|Graduation ceremony (Grade 9, 11)|
|Price of one ticket||400 rubles.|
|ceremonial ceremony/excursion||220 rubles 180 rubles.|
|one accompanying person||free of charge|
– on the International day of museums on the 18th of May; – on the Pushkin day of Russia on the 6th of June; – on the Lyceum anniversary of the 19th of October.
How to get there
Alexander Pushkin Museum-Reserve “Mikhailovskoye” is located in Pushkinskie Gory, Pskov region (Mikhailovskoye village). You can get here by bus or by car.
From Moscow and other cities you can get by train to Pskov, and then at the bus station change to a commuter bus. From St. Petersburg to the village there is a direct flight.
- Pskov – Pushkinskiye Gory
- St. Petersburg – Pushkinskiye Gory
From the bus station Pushkinskiye Gory to the Scientific and Cultural Center of the Reserve is only a 6-minute walk.
Walking route on Yandex. Maps:
Excursion buses and shuttle buses go from Pushkinskiye Gory to the reserve. The schedule and route can be found in the Scientific and Cultural Center. City bus 173 stops at the parking lot “Three pines”, from it you can walk on foot.
The distance from Pskov to the Pushkin Reserve is about 120 kilometers. If you go by car, it will take 1.5-2 hours to get there.
Car route on Yandex. Maps:
Parking and entrance to the territory of the museum is paid. The pass must be purchased in the Scientific and Cultural Center. The exact address: Pushkinskie Gory, 1 Geychenko Boulevard. The cost – 200 rubles/place. You can park for free at the parking lot “Three pines” (1.5 kilometers from the estate of Alexander Pushkin).
Trip by cab from Pskov is quite expensive (from 1500 rubles one way), but you can divide the cost for all participants. It’s cheaper to order a car from Pushkinskie Gory. To order, use the applications Yandex.Taxi, Uber, Maxim, etc.
For those who like comfort, there is a possibility of individual or group transfer from KiwiTaxi.
Pushkin Museum-Reserve “Mikhailovskoye”: video
The cost of admission and sightseeing services per visitor in a group (maximum 20 people)
|For adults||150 rubles.|
|guide service||180 rubles.|
|Guided tour with an audio guide||300 rubles|
|total price||330 rubles.|
|For pensioners, schoolchildren under 18 years old and students over 16 years old (on presentation of student ticket or as a part of school group)||60 rubles.|
|guide service||180 rubles.|
|Guided tour with an audio guide||210 rubles|
|total price||240 rubles.|
You can buy a ticket to the museum
Order №40 about the change of the ticket price from May 1, 2019 (.pdf, 320 KB)PRESCRIPTION OF SERVICES (.pdf, 398 KB)Order № 55 from July 22, 2020 about the prices from 1.08.2020 (.pdf, 366KB)
TICKET RULES FOR SALE AND RETURN (.pdf, 352KB)APPLICATION FOR RETURN (.pdf, 187KB)Museum admission rules (.pdf, 334KB)
The museum resumes accepting school groups on March 15, 2021. The maximum possible museum attendance for one school group (school class) is up to 30 people with strict adherence to the preventive measures recommended by Rospotrebnadzor.
The fee is not charged for photography and videotaping of GENERAL PLANNES without the right to be published in printed and electronic publications, namely: amateur photography and videotaping without using a tripod, monopods (device for selfies), flash and additional lighting; with small non-professional photo and video cameras, cell phones and other photo and video fixing technical means.
The cost of one (1) hour photo session in the halls of the Museum-estate of G.R. Derzhavin, Memorial Museum-apartment of N.A. Nekrasov, Memorial Museum-Liceum, Memorial Museum-dacha of A.S. Pushkin with restricted access of visitors and support of a museum employee (group up to 5 people) – 3000 (three thousand) rubles.
The cost of one (1) hour of shooting in the interiors of the museum with the use of photographs for commercial purposes, at exhibitions, in publications and for other purposes of demonstration of the interiors of the All-Russian Pushkin Museum with restricted access for visitors and with accompaniment of museum staff – 10 000 (ten) thousand rubles.