24 best places of interest in Feodosia: descriptions and photos

How to rest in Feodosia: nature reserve, Golden Beach and Aivazovsky Museum

Feodosia is a small resort town in the east of the peninsula. Here all his life Ivan Aivazovsky spent. Most of his paintings are painted from the scenery of Feodosia. Later here also opened the Cimmerian school of landscape, where studied Maximilian Voloshin and Lev Lagorio. The works of the famous artists are now in the Aivazovsky Museum, which has about 13,000 exhibits.

The city is not as loud and bustling as Yalta or Sevastopol. They come here for a quiet rest, although evening establishments in the city is also enough. Has made the actual guide on Feodosiya: what to look, where to go and where to walk.

Sightseeing in Feodosia: where to go in the city

Feodosia was founded in 529 BC. Different nations from the Taurians and Greeks to the Turks and Armenians lived here. In the city there are a lot of monuments of the history of architecture, the museum of the writer Alexander Grin, the house-museum of the Tsvetayev sisters and the picture gallery of Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky. All these artists lived and created in Feodosia, so in addition to the warm clean sea and scorching sun tourists are waiting for interesting places of the city and excursions.

Aivazovsky Art Gallery

The museum is located at the beginning of the city promenade. It is easily recognized by the monument of Aivazovsky, which is installed in front of the entrance.

The Picture Gallery is located in two buildings – the house of Aivazovsky himself and in the mansion of his sister. In the main building there are the most famous works by Aivazovsky – “The Ninth Shaft”, “The Battle of Chesmens”, “The Moon Path” and “Pushkin on the Black Sea”. Canvases of the sea in different states are collected in nine halls, a total collection of 416 works. In the mansion of Aivazovsky’s sister, there are paintings by students, followers of the artist and contemporary marine painters.

Admission to the gallery costs 300 ₽ for adults, 150 ₽ for seniors and children 16 and older. Children under the age of 16 visit the art gallery for free.

Alexander Grin Museum

There is a museum of Alexander Grin 100 m away from Aivazovsky gallery. The writer lived and worked in this house from 1924 till 1929. The museum reconstructs the writer’s study as he left it, paying special attention to details. There are several rooms in the museum, which are decorated in the spirit of the writer’s works.

The permanent exhibitions are not the only attraction. There are regular art exhibitions, literary evenings and meetings with musicians, poets and artists. Admission costs ₽200 for adults, ₽90 for pensioners and ₽75 for schoolchildren and students.

The front of the house is easily recognized by the large relief panel in the shape of part of an antique ship.

Marina and Anastasia Tsvetayev House Museum

Sisters Marina and Anastasia Tsvetaeva often visited Feodosia in the pre-war years. In one of their houses admirers decided to make a museum, the decision was supported by the city authorities and the media.

The exhibits were collected long and carefully. Now the house-museum of the Tsvetayev sisters restored the atmosphere of their life. The staff conducts interesting one-hour tours, and on special days there are organized Tsvetayev bonfires, memorial evenings and meetings of creative people. The entrance fee to the museum is 230 ₽ for adults and 100 ₽ for schoolchildren, students and pensioners.

At this museum, you should definitely take a tour guide. It will cost about ₽400, but for fans of Tsvetaeva’s work this time will be really interesting. It is best not to take very young children, they will be bored.

Genoese fortress Kafa

This is the main historical monument of Feodosia. Once upon a time in the Genoese era it was a real city under the ground, and around it – the most powerful and second largest fortress in all of Europe. Now of the former greatness is left only part of the buildings, among which the tourists stroll.

Entrance to the territory is free, there are no excursions. To explore the place can be allotted no more than half an hour. The castle is located in the old part of the city, about 20 minutes walk from the waterfront or 15 minutes by bus of route № 1.

Stamboli’s Dacha

The merchant Stamboli was selling tobacco and with the proceeds he built a majestic dacha in Feodosia. From the outside the building reminds one of a scene from a Turkish TV series about sultans.

The entrance ticket costs 250 ₽ for adults and 150 ₽ for children and pensioners. The price includes a guided tour, during which the interior of the mansion and its history are told. The territory of the mansion is large – about 1500 square meters. In a small comfortable garden you can walk around and take pictures.

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The whole tour and walk around the territory takes no more than 1.5 hours.

The best time to visit Stamboli Dacha is lunchtime. At this time there are no crowds of holidaymakers, so it is more convenient to consider the halls and take pictures

What to see on the outskirts of Feodosia: the Karadag Reserve and the Golden Gate

The Golden Gates are located in the Feodosia region of the Crimea, between the villages of Koktebel and Kurortnoe, in front of the Kara Dag Reserve. The easiest way to get here is by car, driving from Feodosia to Kurortnoe village (about 40 minutes).

In ancient times, the Karadag was an active volcano. His last eruption occurred more than 150 million years ago. A powerful flow of lava destroyed the slopes of the mountain, from which many boulders fell into the sea. One such boulder was the Golden Gate Rock, thrown into the sea 85 meters from the mountain. Now the rock is a large basalt arch that rises above the sea. Through her easily pass small boats and sailing vessels. If tourists take a boat tour from Koktebel to the foot of Karadag, they are certainly taken under the arch. The cost of the tour starts at 500 ₽ and depends on the length of the route and the size of the ship. Such excursions start at the waterfront of Koktebel and Feodosia.

In addition to the water excursion at the gatehouse you can pay for a walking tour of the Karadag Reserve. It lasts about four hours and is held strictly with an employee of the reserve. Excursions must be booked in advance and the tour group should consist of more than five people. Unauthorized entry is prohibited and the territory of the reserve is strictly guarded.

You can also reach Karadag by kayak. They can be rented in Koktebel at a price of 600 ₽ per hour. It is cheaper than renting a boat to the mountain.

Where to swim in Feodosia: the best beaches

There are two beaches in the city, but during the season there are too many people. Therefore, knowledgeable tourists and locals swim in other places – on the Golden Beach, in Primorsky and on the beaches of the neighboring village of Ordzhonikidze.

Golden Beach is six kilometers of coastal area with clear water and sandy flat bottom. There is parking along the entire length of the beach, but if you arrive after 2 p.m., you’ll have to look for a spot. A popular spot on Golden Beach is Beach Club 117. This area is particularly popular because of the developed infrastructure. At the entrance to the beach there is a hotel, restaurant and cafe-bar. There are bungalows on the sand, where you can relax and eat with a view of the sea. Near the water you can rent sun beds with soft mattresses, tables and umbrellas. There is a VIP-zone with comfortable armchairs and large tables. There is a wine list, you can order drinks, and in the evenings there are parties with guest DJs.

The distance between Feodosia and Primorsky is 13 kilometers – it’s 15 minutes by car or 25 by public transport. Locals come here to enjoy the clear azure water and sparsely populated beaches. Near the sea there are many cafes, canteens and stores, and you can rent sun loungers and umbrellas on the beach.

Ordzhonikidze village is located in the neighboring bay of Feodosia. It can be reached in 20 minutes by car or in 30 minutes by public transport. The road to the village offers panoramic views of the sea, bays and surroundings Ordzhonikidze. Tourists come here to relax by the calm sea – if in Feodosia waves and muddy water, in Ordzhonikidze absolute calm, because the village is located in the bay. Water here is clean, transparent, and at the bottom, in thickets of seaweed hide crabs, rapans and flocks of fish. Special lucky ones happened to see dolphins, which occasionally come into the bay in flocks.

On the waterfront, many stores with souvenirs and food. There are cafes and canteens with inexpensive set meals – from 400 ₽ for the first, second and a drink. On the beach there is a rental of sun loungers from 200 ₽ per hour. From entertainments – walks on a banana, rent of hydrocycles and other water attractions.

What else to do in Feodosia

Entertainments in Feodosiya not so much, but in its vicinities it is possible to ride on horses in horse-club “Sparkling saddles” near to settlement Ordzhonikidze, to fly on paraglider at mountain Klimentiev, to rise in the air on a balloon, to scuba dive and to drive by jeeps or quad bikes on mountains directly to the Silent bay.

The current prices should be checked with the official sites, they may vary depending on the time of year.

Where to Eat in Feodosia

Feodosia has many different establishments from inexpensive diners with complex dinners to restaurants.

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Cafe “Denikin”. Here you should try the salad “Denikin” with smoked salmon, shrimp chips and tonnato sauce, and also turkey steak with grilled vegetables. Average bill: 500-700 ₽.

Del Mar Seafood Restaurant. Serves delicious sautéed mussels with cream sauce “Bermonte”, rapan “a la Stroganoff” and pork ribs in honey-mustard sauce. Average bill of 800-1000 ₽.

Veranda Lounge Bar. Here you should try the oysters with one of three author’s sauces, fried Crimean Camembert cheese and cottage cheese and cherry strudel. Average bill: 1,400-1,500 ₽.

Fornario Neo Bistro. The margarita pizza is very close in taste and appearance to a pizza in some Italian restaurant, you should also try the focaccia with trout and rucola, crawfish with two kinds of cabbage and cream sauce. The average bill is 500-800 ₽.

Staryk Khinkalych Cafe. Here you have to try khinkali with cherries and cottage cheese and traditional khachapuri in Oajarian style. Average bill: 400-700 ₽.

When to go to Feodosia

In summer in Feodosia the air temperature ranges from +26 ° C to +35 ° C. The water temperature stays at the level of +22 ° C to +26 ° C.

In winter, the air temperature averages +2 ° C. But frosts and snowfalls also occur, most often in January. Then the temperature drops to -5 ° C. The water temperature in the sea in winter is +5 ° C to +8 ° C.

How to get to Feodosia

Planes land at Simferopol airport named after I.K. Aivazovsky. Here you can find or book a shuttle to Feodosia. It will cost you ₽2000-2500. The trip will take an hour and a half. From the airport you can also get to the railway station of Simferopol. To do this, you can take a cab for 500 ₽ or the city trolleybuses (49 and 49A) for 22 ₽. There are regular buses from the train station to the Feodosia bus station. The price for a ticket starts at 400 ₽.

The trains that go to the Crimea stop in Vladislavovka. It is a village 15 kilometers from Feodosia. If you want to get from there to the city itself, you can take a cab from it for 500 ₽, a train 75 ₽ or a shuttle 150 ₽.

If you go to the Crimea by car over the Crimean bridge, Feodosia is the next big city after Kerch on the Taurida highway. The roads are pretty new and there are a lot of good road junctions. There are many gas stations, cafes, and car washes along the way.

How to move around the city

The main attractions and entertainment in Feodosia are collected in the area of the city promenade, so you can move between them on foot. For those who do not like walking, electric cars are offered on the waterfront. For 100 ₽ tourists will take a ride along the waterfront, and for 600 ₽ per person they will give a tour of the main sights.

Public transport is active in the city. The fare is 22 ₽. One must realize that during the holiday season, the buses are packed, especially in the morning, at lunchtime, and closer to the evening.

There are several local cab services in town – Maxim (+7-978-070-77-77) or PickUp (+7-978-785-55-55). The usual Yandex and Uber don’t work in the Crimea because of the sanctions.

Where to live in Feodosia

There are many hotels and hotel houses in Feodosia. They work both in winter and summer, so the choice of accommodation is rich.

Hotel Scarlet Sails . There is parking, outdoor and indoor pools, as well as a heated pool, a private beach and a large garden for walking. The hotel has several restaurants, a bar and buffet-style meals. A spa complex, hammam and gym are available to residents. Located near the waterfront, all major attractions are within walking distance.

Gray Inn. Buffet, bar, and several cafes on the hotel grounds. There are several pools, including outdoor and indoor heated, as well as a spa complex, sauna and hammam. Cars can be parked on the paid parking lot, besides the hotel provides car and bike rental service. In the holiday season you can rent equipment for diving and water sports. The hotel is located on the sea front, 5 minutes to the sea, all the major attractions of the city are within walking distance.

Hotel Hlicinia. Located 10 minutes from the main city seafront, the rooms can see the sea. There is an outdoor pool on the territory, and vacationers have access to a sauna, hammam, spa complex and solarium. There is free parking for private vehicles. Breakfast is included, and there is also a small restaurant and a lounge area with a bar, gazebo and barbecue area. All the main attractions of the city are within walking distance.

Feodosia Hotel . Free parking is available at the hotel for guests by car. The price includes breakfast, there is a restaurant and a lounge area with a bar on the territory of the hotel. Inside the hotel there is a common area for relaxing and watching TV, and outside there are cozy gazebos. Active recreation is also provided – the hotel rents bicycles and organizes excursions around Feodosia and the whole Crimea.

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Tips for tourists

1. Feodosia is a small quiet resort town in the east of the peninsula. Here you can have a rest in a season and in the off-season. There are clean beaches with sand and sun beds, Aivazovsky Art Gallery, museums of Greene and Tsvetayev, many buildings with ancient architecture, and in the vicinity of the city there are horse farms, organized tours to nature reserves and other attractions.

2) Fans of outdoor activities should come to Feodosia by car. It will take you a maximum of two days to swim in the sea and drive through the main tourist spots. Further it is possible to get on the car, own or borrowed, and to go to the next cities – Kerch (General’s beaches), Sudak (Genoese fortress), Novy Svet (Golitsyn path) and Koktebel (silent bay).

Local residents are actively renting their apartments and houses. The conditions may not be as posh as in the hotel, but will save money on housing. In the central area of the city (near the waterfront and near Galereynaya Street) is always noisy, the nightlife plays music, and people are entertained until midnight. Therefore, for a quiet sleep it is better to choose a place away from the center.

4. To save money on travel around the city by bus, it is better to pay by cashless method. Apple Pay and Google Pay do not work in the Crimea, so it is important to carry a card everywhere.

5. For fresh and delicious fruits and vegetables you can safely go to the local markets. In supermarkets, these products will not be of the same quality.

Sightseeing in Feodosia

Ancient city, which is more than 2500 years old, and a modern resort with beaches and excellent infrastructure. It is the birthplace of artist and marine painter I.K. Aivazovsky and the old Genoese port. Feodosia is a city of contrasts with a mass of historical and architectural attractions and Russia’s only museum of maritime art.

The main sights of Feodosia

The Genoese fortress Kafa

It is a historical and cultural reserve, and the most recognizable landmark of Feodosia. The fortress was built in the XIV century and consisted of a citadel and the outer part, which included more than 30 towers on the perimeter, of which several can still be seen today.

There is a version that it was the siege of Cafa that caused the spread of the plague in Europe. In 1343-1346 the fortress was attacked by the Khan of Golden Horde Janibek. During the siege, plague spread in his army and he ordered the bodies of his dead soldiers to be thrown behind the fortress walls. Eventually the troops retreated, and the Genoese ships with infected sailors spread the disease throughout Europe.

Giovanni di Scaffa’s Tower

It was built in 1342 at the same time as the citadel of the Genoese fortress. There is a version that the tower is named so in honor of the Italian consul, who ruled at that time in Cafe. In the walls were built three plates: with the coats of arms of the family di Scaffa, the cities of Genoa and Cafa – they are stored in the Museum of Antiquities of Feodosia.

Today the tower is only a small section with arched elements in the upper part.

National Picture Gallery named after I.K. Aivazovsky

It was opened on the artist’s initiative in his own house. The collection of the gallery includes more than 13 thousand exhibits related to the work and life of Marinist. In the adjacent building is a collection of paintings by Aivazovsky on biblical and mythological themes, works by foreign marine painters of the XVIII-XIX centuries and representatives of the Cimmerian school of painting.

Since 2021 the gallery is closed for renovation, the opening is scheduled for the end of 2022.

The house-museum of Alexander Grin

Not far from the Aivazovsky Gallery is the building where the famous writer lived for several years. The museum is decorated with maritime themes: from the panel of a ship on the outer wall to the rooms-cabins inside. The exposition tells about the life and work of Alexander Grin and the maritime component of his works.

Near the museum there is a romantic fountain “Pair under an umbrella”, depicting two lovers.

Church of St. Catherine the Great Martyr

Unusual and ornate church can be seen from afar. Its bright decoration resembles a Russian terem – white walls, green and blue elements of decoration, numerous carvings and images of angels.

The church was founded in 1892 and was built in the best traditions of Russian temple architecture. Today it is part of a whole complex with a hotel for pilgrims and a Sunday school.

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Museum of Money

This place is definitely worth a visit for numismatists and history lovers. The museum has over 30,000 items, with the earliest exhibits dating back to the 7th century BC.

There are coins from Ancient times, Cafa, Golden Horde, Kievan Rus, Crimean Khanate. There is a separate exhibit, devoted to the evolution of means of payment: from money-wheels and treasures to counterfeit banknotes and plastic cards.

Museum of Delta Gliding

Dedicated to the history of flying in the Crimea. On display are operating flying machines, models of various paragliders and hang-gliders, old drawings and photographs. Among the most interesting exhibits is a simulator with a simulated free flight, where any visitor can try his or her hand.

Museum of antiquities

On two floors there are more than 80 thousand exhibits. There are a lot of exhibitions, which introduce travelers to the nature of the Crimea, the history of Feodosia, and the culture and life of the Karaites. There is separate exhibition that tells about Great Patriotic War and partisan movement on the peninsula. You can even touch some of the exhibits and try on some of them, for example, helmets and chainmail.

Under the open sky there is a lapidary courtyard with coats of arms, stone decorations, etc.

Fish and Fisheries Museum

Dolphin coins, an icon on dried flounder, unusual tackle – the exposition tells about the history of fishing from ancient times to the present day. Everything in the museum is dedicated to fish: from works of art, household items and fishing gears to banknotes and medals with the image of underwater dwellers.

Stamboli’s Dacha

Mansion of tobacco manufacturer’s family built according to design of Petersburg architect in Neo-Moorish style. High tower – minaret, terraces with panoramic view, domes with pointed spires, bright decoration with several kinds of marble and precious wood – the dacha surrounded by ancient park reminds of a palace from an oriental fairy tale. On tours, local guides are eager to tell and show the most interesting elements of the decor. For example, coats of arms and other symbols of the Stamboli dynasty, which can be found even in the fence of the park.

Until 2020, there was a museum and an exhibition devoted to underwater archaeology in the building. Today the dacha is closed for reconstruction, so it is not possible to get inside.

Elijah’s Lighthouse

It was built on the site of a Greek temple on the Cape of St. Elijah above Theodosia Bay. Here, because of heavy fogs and numerous reefs often happened shipwrecks, so in 1894 it was decided to build a lighthouse.

Due to lack of funds, construction was postponed. In 1897, a patron of the arts, E. N. Rukavishnikova, came forward and donated a substantial sum of money to erect the lighthouse. Later the building has repeatedly rebuilt, and its present appearance has found only in 1955.

Mount Mithridates

The namesake of the famous peak in Kerch and the highest point of the old part of Feodosia. On the mountain is equipped with an observation deck with good views of the bay and the city.

On the top there are the ruins of Thomas Tower – a 14th century defensive construction, named after one of the twelve apostles. Its height was supposedly 11 meters, and the garrison consisted of 20-25 people.

At the foot of Mitridat is the Armenian fountain that was built in 1586. Today it is not working, but to look at the hydraulic structure, which is more than 400 years, is definitely worthwhile.

Museum of Marina and Anastasia Tsvetaev

It is dedicated to the life and work of the famous poetess, in particular her stay in Feodosia. The museum is located in the house of Anastasia Tsvetaeva, where the interior of that time has been partially reconstructed, preserved the original belongings of sisters, documents and rare photos.

Sailor Park (Morsad).

Once upon a time there was a slave market where the Ottomans sold slaves. Some historians believe that it was here that Anastasia Lisovskaya, who later became the famous Roksolana, was sold.

Today it is a cozy and beautiful park with children’s and sports grounds. It is pleasant to walk here on a hot day and admire the unusual sculptures of mermaids and pirates, carved by a local craftsman from the trunks of old trees.

Jubilee Park

A pleasant place to relax in the shade of old trees. Here is an unusual fountain “To the Good Genius”, established in honor of the marine painter and patron of the arts Aivazovsky. The monument was built at the expense of the townspeople and students of the artist.

There is also a famous historical attraction in the park – the Tower of St. Constantine, one of the preserved structures of the Genoese fortress Kafa. It was used for defense and storage of weapons, so it is often called Arsenalnaya.

Aivazovsky Fountain

The main attraction of Jubilee Park, built in gratitude to Ivan Aivazovsky. K. Aivazovsky for the transfer to the ownership of the city Subashskogo source in his estate. Thanks to this, Theodosia was provided with water, and in memory of the contribution of the great marinist in 1888, was opened fountain, which is exactly the same structure in Constantinople (Istanbul).

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Surb Sargis church

The oldest Armenian temple in the city, where Hovhannes Ayvazyan – the future painter of marine painters Ivan Konstantinovich Ayvazovsky – was baptized.

The church was built in 1330, rebuilt several times and restored after fires and floods. The walls of the building are made of large blocks of limestone, with cross-stones – stone slabs with images of crosses – embedded inside and outside. The oldest of them dates back to 1047.

In the courtyard of the church is the tomb of Aivazovsky and his wife.

Mufti-Jami Mosque

A monument of Ottoman culture, from the late 18th century to the early 20th century formerly an Armenian Catholic church. The building was built from 1623 to 1630, modeled on the medieval mosques in Istanbul: cubic shape, walls of rubble stone and brick, dome with 12 facets and octagonal minaret. Fragments of the original paintings have been preserved inside.

The mosque can be visited at any time except Fridays, when Muslims perform namaz.

Iverskoy Icon of the Mother of God Church

Originally built as the Armenian church of St. Hovhannes Mkrtich. In 1875 it was consecrated as a Russian Orthodox church. There is a version that the frescoes in the interior of the church were created by the icon painter Theophanes the Greek.

During the Soviet regime, there was a warehouse, and the restoration began only in 1996. The frescoes inside are partially intact, and you can see some cross-stones in the walls from the outside. Near the entrance are a few tombstones – the remnants of the old Armenian cemetery.

Zibold bowl

This is a unique hydro-technical construction for the collection of moisture from the air. The author of the project was F. I. Zibold, who constructed several funnel-shaped condenser bowls. In the morning, due to the temperature difference, drops of moisture appeared on their walls, flowing inside and fed to the city through the pipes.

Today, the largest bowl with a diameter of 12 meters remains. It used to give about 440 liters of water per day, but cracks appeared in the funnel because of the unstable bottom, and the moisture began to escape into the soil. The bowl was abandoned, and Zibold’s experiment was not repeated.

The lion park “Taigan”.

The first object of its kind in Europe, where you can not only see, but also pet the king of beasts. Tigers, roe deer, giraffes and other mammals – “Taigan” is not called the Crimean Africa for nothing. Animals are free to move around the territory, so to observe them equipped with bridges and platforms above the ground.

There are entertainment and attractions for children, a hotel for travelers and even helicopter rides over the park. On excursions accompanied by a local guide, you can even pet a lion and take pictures with it.

Karadag Nature Reserve

It is famous for the Golden Gate – a rock in the form of an arch rising over the sea and an ancient extinct volcano.

For travelers in the reserve has several routes, especially good here in the evening, when you can admire the sunsets on the coast. Also, according to legend, the slopes of an extinct volcano is the entrance to the kingdom of Hades – Grotto Roaring, where the current sometimes draws careless swimmers.

Cape Chouda

Chouda is a geological monument and a natural landmark on the outskirts of Feodosia. Here deserted sandy beaches, where you can find fossils and teeth of ancient sharks, and in the spring on the Cape blooming fields of tulips.

Chouda is a nature reserve and also a training ground of the Russian Air and Space Forces, so you need a permit to visit it. One can obtain it in the village of Lenino.

Sightseeing on the map of Feodosia

From art galleries and slave markets to icons on dried fish and ancient condensers – everyone will find a place to walk and what to see in Feodosia. Especially interesting the history of the city in the stories of the inhabitants – local guides dilute the dry facts and dates with interesting legends and stories. For example, about the underground passage from the tower of Giovanni di Scaffa.

Frequent questions of travelers on sights in Feodosia

According to the number of guided tours and tourist visits, the most popular places in 2022:

  1. Aivazovsky Art Gallery
  2. The Genoese Fortress
  3. Mount Mithridates
  4. Monument to a good genius
  5. Green’s House Museum

We recommend these sightseeing tours in Feodosia in September:

  1. Feodosia through the Ages
  2. Feodosia far and wide: from the lighthouse to the house of Aivazovsky
  3. The Mosaic of Feodosia

The prices for excursions in Feodosia vary from 1500 roubles to 18000 roubles, the cheapest:

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