15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania

Welcome to the country of the great rulers Gediminas and Vitovtas – Welcome to Lithuania! This country is divided into 10 districts, 60 Rajonesse municipalities and 500 administrative districts. At the end of the fourteenth century it was the largest country in Europe.

It is located in Eastern Europe, between Latvia and Russia, and borders on the Baltic Sea, Belarus and Poland. The capital of Lithuania is Vilnius. The city of Vilnius has many names, many faces and many mysteries, and is famous for the architecture of its old town, which was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994.

In addition, Vilnius also offers many other attractions .

Gediminas Tower

The tower of Gediminas Castle, or Gediminas Tower as it is called by locals, is a symbol of Lithuania and the most photogenic object in all of Vilnius. Lithuanians are so used to seeing the Gediminas Tower as it is today that they sometimes forget that it is actually just the remaining tower of the castle, which has been there since the fifteenth century.

This tower is surrounded by legends, poems and songs of recent times. Gediminas Tower was part of the Upper Castle, built by Grand Duke Gediminas, the father of Vilnius. Perhaps that is why Gediminas Tower is such a popular and highly regarded historical landmark.

People believe that the city of Vilnius was really born in the place where the tower is located . Gediminas Tower has many secrets, visit it and try to discover at least some of them. Without a doubt, one of the most beautiful places in Vilnius that is a must visit.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 2

Gediminas Tower

Gates of Dawn

The Dawn Gate is one of the most visited shrines in Vilnius, famous not only in Lithuania, but also abroad, and revered by representatives of other religions.

It is the only surviving gate of the first five original gates of the wall, built between 1503 and 1522.

The gate is first mentioned in 1514 . The Dawn Gate was originally called the Medininkai Gate because it is located on the Medininkai Road, in Polish Ostra Brama, “the pointed gate”. The name is said to refer to the area of Vilnius (the so-called Sharp Pointed Edge). Later, because of the cult of Mary, the door may have been associated with sunrise, at dawn .

The icon of Our Lady of Mercy, insistent in the chapel of Puerta del Alba, is known throughout the world . Many churches in other countries have copies of this icon. The painting, also called the Virgin of Vilnius, was painted in the seventeenth century.

READ
15 things to see in the province of Flemish Brabant, Belgium

It is painted in the Renaissance style, on 2 cm thick oak panels, later painted in oil. Since the middle of the seventeenth century it is said to have miraculous powers. This is just a small part of the magical story of the views of Vilnius that you will love.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - photo 3

Gates of Dawn

Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania

The Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania is located in the center of Vilnius, on Cathedral Square . It dates back to the most triumphant times of the country.

Although it has witnessed history and difficult times, the palace has been resurrected . There is no better example of the resilience of this majestic city.

Part of the reconstructed palace of the ruler of the Grand Duchy in the Lower Castle of Vilnius has been included in the museum . The reconstructed Palace of the Ruler of Lithuania has 4 exhibition tours directly related to the historical functions of this residence.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 4

Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania

Basilica of the Cathedral (Basilica of the Archbishop)

The Cathedral of Saints Stanislav and Vladislav is the main place of worship for Lithuanian Catholics and the place where the most important Christian and national holidays in the country are celebrated. It is located in Vilnius Old Town, right on Cathedral Square.

In 1922 the cathedral received the title “Basilica” from Pope Pius XI.

Inside the cathedral there are more than forty works of art from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, including frescoes and paintings of various sizes. During the restoration of the cathedral, the supposedly pagan temple altars and the original floor, which was moved during the reign of King Mindaugas, were discovered.

In addition, the remains of the cathedral, built in 1387, have been found. On the wall of one of the underground chapels of the cathedral was found a fresco from the end of XIV century, the oldest known in Lithuania.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 5

Basilica of the Cathedral (Basilica of the Archbishop)

Pilės Street

Of the various places in Vilnius used by market vendors to sell folk artists’ goods, Pilies Street is the most popular . It has a natural advantage over Piazza Ayuntamiento, as the street is usually very busy and less interrupted by political or cultural events that take place at City Hall.

READ
Sites of interest in Budva, Montenegro

Many people visit the street to buy gifts for Christmas or before visiting their friends abroad. The market is also popular with souvenir hunters. Souvenir shops sell amber items and jewelry, as well as linen clothing.

The street is also famous for the Kaziukas Fair, where folk artists from all over Lithuania gather to exhibit and sell their latest products. It is highly recommended to visit the monuments and store of Vilnius.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 6

Pilės Street

Monument to the Three Crosses

As a defender of Vilnius, the Three Crosses Monument stands atop a hill . This monument is located on the Three Crosses hill, also known as Kalberg, in the Kalnai park area, and can be seen from every corner of the old city.

There is also a magnificent view of the city of Vilnius from the mountain point. Today Three Crosses Hill is one of the most famous places in all of Vilnius, but not everyone knows the mysterious history that hides this monument. Surrounded by dark forests and legends, it is the remnant of an ancient castle and mysterious Franciscan monks.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 7

Monument to the Three Crosses

Santa Ana Church.

This is the real instigator of legends . Perhaps because of its beauty, or maybe because of little known facts, the church has long been surrounded by legends and myths. If anyone has been interested in this church before, they may know the legend of Napoleon.

It is said that Napoleon expressed a desire to carry this church in the palm of his hand to Paris when he arrived in Vilnius on his Russian campaign. Unfortunately, the reality turned out to be not so romantic: during Napoleon’s march through Lithuania, the church was placed under the jurisdiction of the French cavalry .

After all, Napoleon mentioned in a letter to his wife that Vilnius was “a very beautiful city.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 8

Santa Ana Church.

Presidential Palace

The Presidential Palace, known in everyday life as the Office of the President, was built on the square of Simonas Daukantas (a graduate of Vilnius University and author of the first history of Lithuania published in Lithuanian in the nineteenth century).

The history of the palace goes back to a single document, written over 600 years ago: Grand Duke Jagiello’s edict of February 17, 1387. In 1997 the palace became the official residence of the president of Lithuania. Today the building is occupied by the Lithuanian president and his chancery, and it also hosts leaders of other countries.

READ
Italy's most visited archaeological sites

The flag of the Lithuanian president, which flies over the building, is removed when the president leaves the country. Three national flags hang in front of the building, two of which can be replaced by flags of distinguished foreign guests.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 9

Presidential Palace

National Museum of Lithuania

The National Museum of Lithuania is the largest depository of Lithuanian historical and cultural heritage in the country. It is the oldest museum in Lithuania, built in 1855 when the Vilnius Museum of Antiquities was founded. Authentic exhibitions help recall the history of Lithuania, its national culture and customs.

The museum consists of five main departments: history and modern history, archaeology, folklore, numismatics and iconography with a total number of 800,000 separate exhibits.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 10

National Museum of Lithuania

Gediminas Avenue

Gediminas Avenue is the main street of Vilnius, where the majority of the Lithuanian government institutions, such as the government, parliament, constitutional court and ministries are concentrated.

It is also home to cultural institutions such as the Lithuanian National Theatre, the Lithuanian Bank, the Lithuanian Academy of Music and Theatre and the National Library of Martynas Mazhvydas.

Today it is also a popular street for stores and restaurants . At night, when traffic is prohibited, it is partly a pedestrian street.

The street, named after the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gediminas, ends at the Žvėrynas bridge over the Neris, near the Seimas Palace, on one side, and at the Cathedral Square and the Vilnius Castle Complex, on the other, passing through Lukiškės Square. It connects the old town with Žvėrynas . You will enjoy this city and all the attractions of Vilnius.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 11

Gediminas Avenue

Museum of Occupations and Struggle for Freedom (Museum of Genocide Victims)

Originally known as the Museum of Genocide Victims, the Museum of Occupations and Freedom Struggle in Vilnius was founded in 1992 . In 1997, the museum was finally moved to the Genocide and Resistance Research Center of Lithuania.

The museum is also unofficially known as the KGB Museum, as it is located across from Lukiškės Square, in the former headquarters of the KGB. With special exhibits on the 50th anniversary of Lithuania’s occupation by the USSR, the museum documents the victims of arrests, deportations and executions carried out during this period.

The building also served many KGB purposes . From a residential office to a prison, and as an interrogation center. After the executions, most of the bodies were buried in the Tusculenai Mansion. The mansion also now houses a branch museum.

READ
3 ways to have fun and interesting vacations in October

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 12

Museum of Occupations and Struggle for Freedom (Museum of Genocide Victims)

Vilnius TV Tower

At 326.5 meters tall, the Vilnius Television Tower is the tallest building in Lithuania and an instantly recognizable feature of the cityscape. Located in the northeastern neighborhood of Vilnius, Karoliniskes, the Television Tower was the scene of the events of January 1991, when Lithuania was fighting for its independence from the Soviet Union.

During that affair, 14 unarmed Lithuanian civilians were killed and another 700 were wounded when Soviet troops seized the tower. There is a small museum dedicated to them on the first floor, and crosses in their memory are near the main entrance.

Today visitors can climb to the circular observation deck from where there is a breathtaking view of the whole city on a clear day, as well as Elektrenai, a town located 40 km to the west, which supplied most of the electricity in Vilnius during the Soviet era.

Since 2000, the tower has been decorated as a Christmas tree every Christmas season. During the 2006 World Basketball Championship, it was decorated as a great basketball net. During the 2011 European Basketball Championship, the Vilnius TV Tower became the largest basketball hoop in the world.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 13

Vilnius TV Tower

Vilnius photo gallery

The Vilnius Art Gallery is located on Didžioji Street in Vilnius . It is an excellent museum that is definitely worth a visit. Inside the museum you can admire beautiful portraits of the nobility of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

Visitors will also find interesting sculptures and some rooms furnished with exemplary furniture. There are also temporary exhibitions in the Vilinius Gallery.

The museum collections include about 2,500 paintings from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century, they consist mainly of portraits of the nobility and clergy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, as well as religious works of Lithuanian churches and monasteries.

More than 8,000 paintings by Italian, German, French, Flemish, Dutch, Polish, English, and Japanese artists of the fifteenth to twentieth centuries are on display.

The first half of the twentieth century is widely represented by more than 12,000 works . The collection of the second half of the twentieth century has over 21,000 pieces.

The sculpture collections span the period between the fourteenth and twentieth centuries, with works from several European countries. Other notable collections include works in watercolor and pastel as well as photography.

READ
Dead Sea Healing Gift

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 14

Vilnius photo gallery

Saints Peter and Paul Church

The Church of Saints Peter and Paul is a seventeenth-century masterpiece . It is famous for its unusual Baroque interior, where you can see some 2,000 stucco figures.

Legend has it that this was the site of a temple to the pagan goddess Milde . There used to be a wooden church here, which was destroyed during the wars with Moscow. The current church was built by Hetman Mykolas Kazimieras Pakas. The miraculous sculpture of Jesus, carved out of wood with a wig of real hair, is well known.

15 Sights in Vilnius, Lithuania - Photo 15

Saints Peter and Paul Church

Vilnius Wall Bastion

On the hill above the city of Vilnius, called Barbakanas, there are several stone buildings . These are the ancient defensive wall and bastion of Vilnius.

Today it is used as a pleasant place to rest, relax or enjoy the company of good friends. Young people like to spend their evenings there, as the place is close to the city center and there is a beautiful panorama from the top of Barbakanas Hill . However, the ambivalent atmosphere of the place is still strongly felt.

Historians claim that in the Middle Ages, many vagrants or casual passers-by were killed there by criminals. There is no reason to be surprised, for the present bastion was the place where Kanai met. Evil spirits are mostly felt in the underground tunnel. Even people with weak nerves are advised not to go there, although there is a museum .

Going down the tunnel, you begin to believe the legend that many years ago an ugly monster who only killed his own reflection lived here.

15 Vilnius, Lithuania sights - photo 16

Vilnius Wall Bastion

In addition to these attractions of Vilnius, there is another one near this city that is worth a visit. It is the “Trakai Castle”.

Trakai Island Castle is one of the most important places in Lithuania. The only castle in Eastern Europe built on an island is located in Trakai, near Vilnius, on the shores of Lake Galvė.

It was one of the main centers of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, and the castle was of great strategic importance . The Island Castle, together with the Peninsula Castle, is the most famous work of defensive architecture in Lithuania.

An interesting fact about the castle on Trakai Island is that it was built and also preserved by people of different nationalities . Communities of Karaites, Tatars, Lithuanians, Russians and Poles lived here.

Rating
( No ratings yet )
Like this post? Please share to your friends:
bucketlisttc.com
Leave a Reply

;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: