15 best sights of Pitsunda – description and photos

15 sights of Pitsunda worth visiting


On one of the picturesque capes on the Black Sea is the ancient city of Pitsunda. People first came to the area in the 4th century BC, and since then the town has been constantly bustling with life. Pitsunda is known for its mild climate, clean air, wide beaches and beautiful nature. Cultural, architectural and natural attractions of Pitsunda can tell a lot about the amazing history of the city, its troubled fate and the most interesting events.

Historical and Architectural Reserve Great Pitiunt

The main attraction is practically in the center of the city. The reserve occupies a large territory, and the main object are the ruins of an ancient Roman fortress, built, according to scientists, between the II and VI centuries AD. The wall surrounding the Great Pitiunt was built around the X century.

Tourists can admire the not badly preserved palace of the commander of the legion, barracks, baths, wine cellars and a well. On the territory there is also an ancient temple complex. You can see the structures on their own or as part of a tour. The tour includes a visit to the Pitsundsky Cathedral and the Museum of History.

Address: Abaata, Pitsunda, Abkhazia.

The embankment of Pitsunda is a place where you want to come back again and again

Pitsunda embankment

The quay of Pitsunda.

Quay of Pitsunda is beautiful, well-groomed and landscaped. Here opens up beautiful scenery. The length of the embankment is almost 5 kilometers. Paved with tiles wide path is ideal for walking. There are beautiful flowerbeds everywhere and oleanders, palm trees and other exotic trees grow on the side of the city.

For children and adults there is a lot of entertainment: rides, bike and gyro scooter rentals, cafes and restaurants. There is a beach parallel to the quay, so you can always swim or sunbathe on the beach. At nightfall the embankment is spectacularly lit. Musicians often come here to please the vacationers with talented playing on different instruments.

Address: Nab. resort, Pitsunda, Abkhazia

The Patriarchal Cathedral in Pitsunda is the most ancient temple of the town

Patriarchal Cathedral in Pitsunda

Patriarchal cathedral in Pitsunda.

The cathedral was built in the IV century BC. Throughout its history, the structure has been repeatedly restored and rebuilt, but this does not diminish its value. The main architectural feature is the unusual masonry: brick rows alternate with stone ones, and the thickness of each strip is different. Light penetrates inside through narrow windows, between many of them are preserved old crosses made of stone. Tourists can view the structure not only from the outside, but also go inside. Since 1975, there is a concert hall in the walls of the temple, where concerts of organ music are often held.

Address: Patriarchal Cathedral in Pitsunda, Pitsunda, Abkhazia.

Best tours in Pitsunda:

Pitsunda Central Beach – free recreation for all comers

Central beach of Pitsunda

Central Beach of Pitsunda.

Central beach is located in a cozy Pitsunda bay: it is protected from the wind, there are almost no waves here, the sea is clean and transparent. The beach is pebbly, many vacationers wear special shoes to protect feet from sharp rocks.

In the many cafes and kiosks along the coast, you can buy food and drinks. If desired, you can take a ride on a catamaran or pleasure boat. The beach is 10-15 meters wide and has enough space for everyone.

Address: Pitsunda Beach, Pitsunda.

Pitsundskaya pine grove is a unique natural monument

Pitsunda pine grove

Grove of pine-tree Pitsunda.

Because of a huge number of conifers the air in Pitsunda is very beneficial to health. Often vacationing in this region is compared to a full-fledged medical treatment. Relict Pitsunda grove stretches along the coast for 7.5 km, the total area of the reserve is almost 200 hectares.

Pitsundskaya pine is unique in its nature: due to the long needles (up to 18 cm), the tree emits 6 times more phytoncides, compared with conventional conifers. To get to the grove, you do not need to order an excursion: everyone can walk around here.

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The main thing is not to leave behind garbage and not to burn fires: any human intervention is extremely detrimental to the state of the reserve.

Address: Pitsundskaya Pine Grove, Pitsunda, Abkhazia

Lake Ritsa – an amazing natural phenomenon

Lake Ritsa

Lake Ritsa.

Lake Ritsa makes a strong impression on everyone who comes to it.

Firstly, admires the location of the lake: it is 950 meters above sea level: it seems that the clouds and clouds that are floating over the water are about to hit the mirror.

Secondly, the lake has a unique atmosphere: on all sides of the lake is surrounded by high mountains with snow-capped peaks, protecting the area from the cold wind. It is almost always quiet and peaceful.

Thirdly, admiring the water in the lake: it is so clean and clear that you can see the fish swimming in the depths. The color of the water varies, depending on the season – another important feature of the lake.

Experienced tourists agree that it’s necessary to see Lake Ritsa – unforgettable view!

Address: Lake Ritsa, Abkhazia.

Reserve of Pitsundo-Musseri (Mussera)

Pitsunda-Musser Reserve

Pitsundo-Musser Reserve (Mussera).

Pitsundo-Musser Reserve is located in the coastal zone. On its territory there are more than 800 species of trees, bushes and flowers. Many of the plants are listed in the Red Book, including the famous Pitsunda pine, which has amazing healing properties. In addition to dense forests, the reserve includes deep gorges, picturesque glades, sandy beaches and stone placers. There is also an ancient boxwood grove, a delightfully beautiful lake and violent mountain rivers.

The reserve is known not only for its natural but also for its archaeological attractions. The remains of ancient settlements and an ancient temple date back to the I-IV centuries AD. Being on the territory of the reserve, you cannot break branches, make fire, pluck flowers – man has already managed to cause enormous damage to local nature, and the authorities are now trying to preserve the unique flora and fauna for the next generations.

Address: Pitsundo Mussera Reserve (Mussera), Miusera Road.

The Maiden’s Tears waterfall – a beautiful place with a romantic name

Maiden Tears waterfall

Maiden’s teardrop waterfall.

The waterfall is located on the right side of the river Bzyb, you can see it on the way to the famous Lake Ritsa. The height of the waterfall is 2 meters, but despite its modest size, it encourages tourists to come here constantly – so picturesque and colorful it looks.

The icy, crystal-clear streams of water falling down look like silvery tears. In the sunlight, the water shimmers in many shades, as if a scattering of precious stones is falling from a height. Many people come to the waterfall to make a cherished wish: it is believed that the place has magical powers. To “guarantee” you need to tie a ribbon and leave a coin.

Address: Maiden’s Tears Falls, Abkhazia.

Men’s Tears Falls – a violent cascade of emotions

Man's tears waterfall

The Waterfall of Men’s Tears.

The height of the waterfall is 11 meters. From the top there fall powerful streams of water with noise and rumble (the sight looks especially spectacular during the off-season). Near the waterfall there is an observation deck, which can be reached by stairs.

There is a legend that here you can make wishes related to finding happiness in private life. You have to tie a ribbon and if the stream of water tears it, the dream will come true. Tourists often stop by the waterfall: besides the beautiful scenery, they are attracted by the stalls with fresh fruits and vegetables, souvenir shops, cozy cafes.

Address: Men’s Tears Falls, Abkhazia.

Yupshar Canyon – a monumental splendor

Yupshar Canyon

Yupshar Canyon.

Scientists believe that Yupshar canyon was formed several thousand years ago as a result of a strong earthquake. The huge rock split in two parts, resulting in a deep canyon, which today is a place of pilgrimage for tourists.

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Another name of Yupshar canyon is the Stone Sack. If you look up, you can see only a narrow strip of sky: it seems that the rocks closed in. In the narrowest part of the canyon, the distance between the tops of the rocks is only 20 meters. You can’t shout or press the car horn here. There is a risk of rockfall.

Address: Lupshara River, Abkhazia.

Hetsuriani House-Museum – unusual from the threshold

Khetsuriani House-Museum

The house-museum of Khetsuriani.

There is a unique house in the outskirts of Pitsunda: its owner has for a long time collected a collection of original exhibits about life and life of Abkhazians. Local residents call the museum a living cultural monument of the Caucasian people. The exhibition consists of over two thousand items: coins, tools, handicrafts and various weapons.

A separate place is occupied by an antique Mercedes brand phaeton, which once belonged to Prince Oldenburgsky, the founder of Gagra. Mercedes was bought by the owner of the museum for a huge sum, equal to the price of a year’s harvest of corn.

Gergy Khetsuriani collected his collection throughout his life. Today, his daughter-in-law looks after the museum. The descendants hope that each successive generation will be able to preserve the unique heritage left by the founder of the museum.

Address: Lidzava, Abkhazia.

Pitsunda Medea is a sculpture with a tragic history

Pitsunda Medea

Pitsunda Medea.

One of the main monuments of Pitsunda is situated on the southern edge of the cape. The statue depicts the beautiful Medea, the heroine of the ancient Greek epic, who has already raised her hand with a dagger over her two children to kill them in a second. This was her revenge on her lover, who had abandoned her with her babies in his arms.

The ominous story, black bronze, impressive size – to some the sculpture seems too gloomy, but every guest of the city considers it his duty to take a photo against the background of the famous statue.

Address: Medea, Pitsunda.

The Bamboo Grove is a natural monument that requires careful attitude

Bamboo Grove

Bamboo Grove.

The bamboo grove in Pitsunda is the only one of its kind, there are no similar plantings on the territory of Abkhazia, bamboo simply does not take root anywhere else. Authorities are trying to protect plants, but tourists, wishing to make beautiful pictures, often break the shoots and cause serious damage to the monument of nature. The grove is found on the way to the central beach, so it is impossible to pass by this sight.

GPS coordinates: 43°09’22.2″N 40°19’59.9″E.

Neighborhood “Rybzavod” – clean air and beaches

Microdistrict “Rybzavod.

Many tourists try to rent an apartment for the holidays here in the district “Rybzavod. Over the strip of beach as if overhanging the rocks overgrown with dense forests. Sea air is mixed with the smell of pine, the result is truly magical mixture – here are often resting people who want to improve immunity. Beaches are clean, not crowded, mostly sandy. Microdistrict “Rybzavod” is perfect for those who like calm rest and want to hide from the urban bustle.

Address: River 11a Pitsunda, Lidzava.

The Old Lighthouse – a witness to the history

Old lighthouse

Old Lighthouse.

The lighthouse was established in Pitsunda at the beginning of the 20th century. For several decades it has served properly and signaled ships at sea. After a signal tower was mounted on a modern building, the lighthouse was no longer used for its intended purpose.

Today the structure has been abandoned, but tourists continue to come here to see the ancient structure. The lighthouse is one of the symbols of the city. It is often depicted on postcards and brochures.

Address: Cape Pitsunda, Pitsunda.

The city with a centuries-old history is always open to visitors. People come here to spend a great time in the lap of picturesque nature. In the vicinity of the resort there are many protected areas which are found nowhere else. Rest in Pitsunda is not only pleasant, but also good for health: phytoncides, secreted by pine trees, have a positive effect on the body, strengthening the immune system.

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The sea is almost always calm, and the beaches are clean and sparsely populated. Fans of serene recreation will definitely appreciate the picturesque town, where every resident is a hospitable host, ready to tell his guests a lot of interesting things about his region.

17 unforgettable sights of Pitsunda in Abkhazia

Pitsunda sights

Pitsunda – a city in the Republic of Abkhazia (Georgia), located on the shores of the Black Sea, with an ancient history dating back to before Christ and a variety of attractions. Even in the 4th century BC, there were settlements on this place. It is worth noting a few interesting facts. In Pitsunda were filmed ten movies (including “Scarlet Sails” and “The Guest from the Future”). Also here, in 1978, was played a match for the women’s chess crown between N. Gaprindashvili and M. Chiburdanidze.

Sights of Pitsunda? Worth seeing in one day

Pitsunda is a small resort town, and here you can see most of the sights in one day. Here’s one option for a hiking route: get to the city center, walk down the pedestrian street to the promenade, then walk along it and look at the sculptures “Divers” and “Medea”, then walk to the old lighthouse. All places are close to each other and are easy to find on your own using a map with a description.

Pitsunda sights

Alley in the shade of centuries-old pine trees in the city

The second route is suitable for history lovers. For this it is worth looking at the historical reserve “Great Pitiunt”, visiting the Cathedral of St. Andrew. It is also worth a drive to the outskirts of the city. Here you can visit the house-museum of G. J. Khetsuriani, or visit Stalin’s dacha.

Pitsunda sights

Pitsunda will please you with picturesque sunsets on the sea

Excursions in Pitsunda and around Abkhazia

If a tourist wants to participate in an organized tour, here are two options. The first option is an excursion to the Pitsunda History Museum. There is also a second option – to visit a grove of relict pine trees, which can be reached with an excursion to the Pitsunda-Musser Reserve. In addition, in Abkhazia it is also worth visiting the famous resorts of Gagra and New Athos, as well as the capital of the Republic of Sukhumi. When in Abkhazia you can’t miss Georgia: look at its historical sites, learn the true Caucasian hospitality, drink delicious wine. You will be warmly welcomed in Kutaisi and the magnificent Batumi, drink wine in Kakheti and the capital of Georgian wine Telavi, it is worth a visit to the world-famous mineral water Borjomi, the Black Sea resort of Kobuleti, and of course to the Georgian capital of colorful Tbilisi.

Pitsunda sights

A panoramic view of the beaches of the resort town of Pitsunda

Where to go in Pitsunda in bad weather

The most suitable weather for tourism in Pitsunda is in summer – at this time of year the rains are not very frequent. In late autumn, winter and early spring it often rains, and if at this time you are here – it is quite possible to go to the movies (inside one of the buildings of the boarding house), to the Andrew the Apostle Cathedral or a museum.


Quay is one of the main pearls of Pitsunda. This place pleases tourists as its cleanliness and grooming, as well as excellent scenery. On the pitsunda embankment, in addition to flowerbeds with exotic plants, there is an amazing sculpture Divers. Interestingly, the embankment is especially lively in the evening: it gathers both young people and musicians.

Central beach of Pitsunda

To get to the beach is not difficult – there is a pedestrian path leading to the sea from the town square. True, there is a toll to get to the seafront. Interestingly, at the entrance to the central pitsund beach is the famous sculpture Divers. It is worth noting another attraction near the beach: a grove of relict pine trees (the so-called pitsunde pines) and boxwood trees.

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Divers” sculpture

This sculpture is one of the symbols of the town-resort of Pitsunda. There are figures of men and women, diving into the sea, as well as sculptures of sea animals (two dolphins and a fish). It is interesting that in 1969, around the planned opening of the sculptural composition there was a real argument: in the opinion of the City Administration, sculptures of naked divers – the thing is inadmissible (typical prudery of Brezhnev’s times).

Sculpture “Medea

In 1969 on the quay of Pitsunda there was an unusual sculpture, called Medea. The composition contains the figure of Medea herself and the figures of her two children. Medea is a character of Greek myth about Jason’s journey for the Golden Fleece. This sorceress fell in love with Jason, helped him to obtain the golden fleece in Colchis and return to Greece. However, the brave traveler decided to marry another woman, and then Medea, out of jealousy, killed both her rival and her two children (a lot of bloodthirstiness in the Greek myths). The sculptural composition depicts the very moment when the sorceress prepares to kill the children.

Old Lighthouse

This structure was to appear in the late 1870s, but because of the war between Russia and Turkey, the construction was delayed. The lighthouse appeared in 1891. Until 1953, the searchlight of the lighthouse was kerosene. From 1953 to the late 1960s, the lighthouse had an electric spotlight. Today, the lighthouse equipment operates on the roof of one of the buildings of the Mayak sanatorium. The old lighthouse building is not working, the entrance door is welded shut.

Patriarchal Cathedral of St. Andrew.

The history of this building is old. The temple was built in the 4th century AD, during the Roman Empire. The temple was renewed many times, and in the 17th century it was abandoned. In the second half of the 19th century, the abandoned cathedral was rebuilt. The Cathedral has received its present name in honor of the legendary Apostle Andrew (the tomb is inside the cathedral).

Historical and Architectural Reserve Great Pitiunt

This reserve was formed in 1991. A fortress wall, built in the 16th century, stands around the reserve. In the central part of this historical-reserve complex there is the St. Andrew’s Cathedral. Tourists will also see the water supply system of 10th century, so called aqueduct, barracks of Roman legionaries and remains of thermae (so Roman baths were called).

Gudauta Winery

If a tourist is interested in wineries, it is worth going on an excursion to Gudauta. There is an opportunity to visit a winery and learn its history. Started to work Gudauta winery in 1953, and by 1958, the products of this enterprise became very popular throughout the Soviet Union. Since the 1990s to 2010s, the winery was closed. Since 2010, the work of the factory was resumed.

Khetsuriani house-museum

Not far from the city of Pitsunda, in the village of Ldzaa, is a very unusual house. This building was named after its creator – a craftsman G. I. Hetsuriani. The house was built by Hetsuriani himself (a jack of all trades), he also created many of the stored exhibits. It is interesting that the house-museum complex includes the building itself, as well as a small house, an orchard and an inn “The Old Mill” specially built for the visitors.

Pitsundo-Musser Reserve

The history of this reserve begins in 1885, when, according to the numerous demands of Russian scientists, the Pitsunda Grove was named a nature reserve. However, felling of the Pitsunda pine continued, and it was not until 1910 that more or less serious protection of the nature began. The Pitsundsky Reserve was finally formed in 1926. In 1934, the Musser Reserve appeared. And in 1966, the territories of both reserves and the Lidzava oak forest on the highlands were united.

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Lake Inkit

This lake is a so-called relict lake. It appeared about 2 to 3 thousand years ago, as a result of the sea surf. Once the water in the lake was fresh, but today the lake has become slightly salty (one liter – 5 grams of salts). Interestingly, in the 1920s there was a swamp near the lake where many malarial mosquitoes breed. The problem was solved by introducing in 1931 into the lake Gambusia fish: the fish quickly destroyed all the mosquito larvae.

Stalin’s dacha

Outskirts of Pitsunda, on a cold river, there is an outwardly unremarkable, but solid house. This Caucasian dacha of Stalin (Dzhugashvili). Legends abound around this building, which is not surprising: Stalin’s life is shrouded in many secrets. The rooms were finished in wood, not lacquered (though one room, where there was a finish of poisonous yew, was lacquered). The cottage was built in 1935, and it looks like a ship when viewed from above.

The Bzyb River

A mountain river in Abkhazia. Even small ships do not go on this river. The Bzyb flows in the mountains, crosses the Geg gorge, then flows through the plain and flows into the Black Sea. The river is rich in valuable fish – trout and salmon (this fish is often called red fish). Thanks to the Soviet film franchise “Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson” the Gegsky waterfall became famous (it got the role of the Reichenbach waterfall).

New Athos Cave

This cave got its name from the nearby town of Novy Afon (Gudautsky region). The cave became known in 1961 thanks to the discoverer Givi Smyr. In 1975 Novoafon cave became accessible to tourists. Many interesting facts are connected to this cave. For example, the plot of the novel “Blinds” (fantasy series “Metro-2033”) unfolds here.

New Athos Monastery of Simon and Canaanite

New Athos Monastery is one of the biggest in the region and has many buildings and churches

The construction of the monastery began in 1875, the builders were monks from one of the Russian monasteries of Old Athos (Greece). But just two years after its construction the monastery was badly damaged, it was ruined and looted by the Turkish army. From 1880 to 1900 the monastery was restored. In 1924 the monastery was closed and reopened 70 years later. The second name of the monastery is due to the fact that it was built near the remains of an ancient temple dedicated to Simon the Cananaite, one of the disciples of Christ.

Lake Ritsa

In the mountains of the Caucasus, not far from the Black Sea coast, hides the pearl of Abkhazia – Lake Ritsa. It is surrounded by mountains. Interestingly, the lake used to be a mountain river, but then there was a very strong earthquake. Part of the mountains Pshegishkha collapsed, blocking the river. So the lake appeared. Interestingly, the lake appeared on maps in 1865, and the first expedition reached this inaccessible body of water thirty years later, in 1895. According to legend, at the bottom of the lake lies the drowned girl Ritsa, and the mountains Atsetuk, Arihua, Pshegishva – the brothers of the drowned.

A grove of relic Pitsunda pine-tree

Once Pitsundsky Cape simply did not exist. It appeared thanks to the Bzyb River, which brought a lot of rocks and soil. On this soil began to grow relict pine, which got its name from Pitsundsky Cape. Although the grove received the status of a protected area in 1885, excessive cutting of trees has continued. Since 1910, inordinate logging finally stopped. In 1966, the grove of relict pine trees became part of the Pitsundo-Musseri Reserve.

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