India’s main sights
India is one of the largest economically developed countries in the world in terms of territory and population. It is here that the ancient Indian culture was born and developed, giving the world many magnificent sights.
Top 10 attractions in India
India has a huge number of real wonders of the world, this country in general looks like a fairy tale kingdom: magnificent temples, palaces, minarets, mausoleums, of which we remember from our school days. Separately, we can say about the natural sights.
Taj Mahal .
This mausoleum and mosque in Agra was built by order of Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, who died untimely in childbirth. It is one of the finest architectural creations in India, for centuries a delight to admire in the harmony of its lines.
Construction of the Taj Mahal began in the very early 17th century and lasted at least 12 years. Today, Shah Jahan and his wife are buried in this magnificent snow-white mausoleum. Tourists from all over the world come to Agra to see this landmark for themselves.
The City of Varanasi
This ancient Indian city is as important to Hindus as the Vatican is to Catholics, i.e. it is the center of Hinduism. Located on the country’s main river, the Ganges, it is a pilgrimage site for Hindus from all over India and abroad.
Varanasi is at least three thousand years old. It is mentioned in the Rigveda as the center of Brahmanism, science, literature, and art. In terms of Indian cosmology Varanasi is the center of the world, sung in the verses of the Skanda Purana.
India’s largest river, near which local tribes have been settled since ancient times. Always crucial to the economy and culture of this country, the Ganges is a sacred river for the Hindus, and ablution in it is an obligatory Hindu ritual.
The Ganges originates in the Himalayan mountains and flows into the Bay of Bengal. In some places the river is navigable. The tourist visiting India should definitely visit the Ganges to see one of the cradles where humanity was born.
Compared to Indian antiquities, this temple is very young. It was built in Delhi in 1986 as a Baha’i center. Externally, the temple looks like a snow-white lotus flower, it looks extremely spectacular, and is much loved by tourists from all over the world.
Around the Lotus Temple there is a beautiful garden, the combination of the magnificent architecture and the exquisite natural beauty of the flowers of the garden is a real aesthetic pleasure. The Lotus Temple today is a religious and tourist center in Delhi.
Ajanta Cave Temples
These Buddhist temple and monastery complexes are located in 29 caves in the state of Maharashtra. There you can explore prayer halls, cells for monks, and shrines with Buddha statues. On the walls of the caves are ancient paintings based on Buddhist myths and legends.
The cave temples began to be carved in the rocks since the 2nd century B.C. And the best examples of architecture and paintings in Ajanta were created in the 5th century A.D. Today this complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the most interesting places in India.
Qutb Minar Minaret
This minaret in Delhi is considered to be the tallest of its kind in the world, made of brick. It was erected in the 12th and 14th centuries during the reign of the Delhi Sultanate in India and is over 72 meters high.
This is a truly unique monument of the Indian Middle Ages, which today is under the protection of UNESCO. To this day, the Qutb Minar Minaret fulfills its cult function (from it Muslims are called to the mosque to pray), which makes it the main attraction of South India.
Akbar’s Tomb in Sikandra
Akbar the Great was one of the most revered Muslim rulers of India, a patron of science and art. For him, during his lifetime, in the early 17th century, the construction of this magnificent temple and tomb began.
Today the memorial is surrounded by a strong wall with four patterned gates on the sides of the world, made of red sandstone, but only the southern gate is real. The minarets are of white marble. Akbar’s sarcophagus stands in the middle of the courtyard, and the ruler himself and his wives are buried beneath it in underground catacombs.
National Museum in New Delhi
This is the largest museum in India, with huge archaeological collections, artifacts of Indian history, religion, culture, art. In the mid-20th century, a famous Indian exhibition was held in London, launching the museum.
By 1955 a national museum building had been built in New Delhi, and it officially opened in 1960. Today it has more than 200,000 different works of art, manuscripts, weapons, armor, they would be the envy of the British National Museum.
Stupa in Sanchi
Sanchi is a small Indian village in Madhya Pradesh, where in the 3rd century BC by order of Emperor Ashoka the world’s first Buddhist stupa was built, an ancient cult building in the form of a hemisphere.
Five centuries later the Great Stupa was looted and destroyed, but after a while it was erected again and in much larger sizes. Today this unique, one-of-a-kind attraction in India is sought after by Buddhists from all over the world.
Hawa Mahal Palace
This monument of history and architecture is located in Jaipur. It was built of pink sandstone in the late 18th century by the local Maharaja for his harem. Hawa Mahal is also called the Palace of the Winds, as it is pierced with small windows.
Today the palace is the main attraction of the city which is visited by tourists from all over the world and is an example of Jaipur architecture of those times which has been included in many history, culture and art books.
Sightseeing in India on a map
Video overview of sights in India
Today, India is rapidly developing and moving forward by leaps and bounds. But its people don’t forget about their history and culture. They carefully preserve all their monuments and are happy to show them to the guests and tourists who come to their ancient country.
Attractions of India
India can rightly be called the most amazing and beautiful country in South Asia. The history of Indian civilization is more than 5000 years. Here were born the world religions: Buddhism and Hinduism.
India attracts tourists and travelers from all over the world with its beautiful landscapes, pleasant rest on the seashore, beautiful temples and magnificent monuments. In its long history in this country was built a lot of attractions that are valuable not only for the Indian people, but also considered as a global treasure. In this article, let’s look at the main attractions of India.
What to see in India?
The main and most interesting places of the country with photos and descriptions.
1. the Taj Mahal
The Taj Mahal is the greatest structure in Agra and is India’s most famous and popular landmark. The mausoleum was built in the 17th century by order of Emperor Shah Jahan in memory of his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal. The structure is made of white marble and decorated with precious stones. It is considered the greatest monument of Indo-Muslim culture. Every year millions of tourists come to Agra to see this unique Indian landmark with their own eyes. The Taj Mahal has rightfully earned a place of honor in the UNESCO World Heritage List and was included in the list of new Wonders of the World.
2. Qutb Minar
Qutb Minar Minaret is considered to be the tallest and the oldest minaret on Earth. It is even listed in the Guinness Book of World Records. At present, there are still debates about whether the minaret belongs to Islamic or Hindu culture. The tower is 72 meters high and is built of brick. There are 379 steps to get to the top. The minaret consists of five tiers, the lower one is 14 meters in diameter and the upper one is 3 meters.
Qutb Minar minaret reflects the history of medieval architecture in the Indian capital. Its walls are decorated with inscriptions, even have the words of the Holy Koran. Nowadays you have to pay to enter the minaret, but taking pictures and videos is allowed in unlimited quantities. Visit this attraction in India is a must for every tourist.
3. Dudhsagar .
Dudhsagar waterfall is located in the Indian state of Goa, in the Bhagwan Mahavir Reserve. It is the most beautiful natural attraction in India! In Russian the name of the waterfall translates as “milky banks”. A powerful stream of water falls from a high mountain (a total length of 603 meters) and falls into a clear lake of fresh water.
Thousands of tourists come here every year to enjoy the beautiful spectacle of a roaring waterfall, as well as to feed the fish that swim in the lake. If you crumble bread into these fish, they will bizarrely jump out of the water. Truly breathtaking!
The Indian Museum is the largest museum and a tourist hot spot in India among lovers of antiquities and art. It was founded in the early 19th century by Danish biologist Nathaniel Wallich. The museum is located in Serampore, near Calcutta.
The Indian Museum is considered one of the oldest museums on the planet. Within its walls are exhibits from almost all over the world. There is an Egyptian mummy, exhibits related to Buddha, such as the Buddhist stupa and the ashes of Buddha. An honorable place in the Indian museum is occupied by the Ashoka Column. The museum contains fossils and remains of ancient animals, works of art, and even meteorites.
5. Lakshmi Narayan Temple
Lakshmi Narayan Temple is beautifully located in the capital of India, New Delhi. It was founded on the eve of World War II at the expense of the wealthy Indian Birla family. The temple consists of three floors. It is made of white and pink marble and decorated with gilding. Lakshmi Narayan is built in the Nagar style. Almost all the architectural decorations of the structure are painted with marble carvings that illustrate fragments from Hindu sacred texts.
The central shrine of the temple is dedicated to Lakshmi, the goddess of happiness and abundance. There are also shrines to other Hindu gods inside, so it is quite popular with various members of the Hindu religion.
On the banks of the Tungabhadra River, in the northern Indian state of Karnataka, is nestled one of the most interesting places in India, the village of Hampi. This Indian village is situated in the heart of the ruins of the once great city of Vijayanagar. The village consists of several streets and is a stone plateau. The houses are built between giant boulders. Hampi village is visited by hundreds of thousands of travelers every year to enjoy the unparalleled beauty, swim in the Tungabhadra river and climb the giant boulders.
In 1986 Hampi was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has become an architectural, historical, and religious landmark of India.
7. Gateway of India in New Delhi
The Gateway of India is an architectural monument in the form of an arch by architect Edwing Lachens. The monument was erected in memory of the fallen Indian soldiers who gave their lives in the Anglo-Afghan War and World War I. At the foot of the monument erected an eternal flame, and at the gate carved 90 thousand names of the fallen heroes. In 1971 near the monument the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier was erected. At this monument it is customary to lay wreaths in memory of fallen soldiers.
8. Tomb of Humayun
Humayun’s Mausoleum is a whole complex of tombs of the great Indian rulers and their cronies. The attraction is located in the city of New Delhi, on the banks of the river Jamna. Humayun’s tomb was built by order of his widow Hamida Banu Begum in the middle of 16th century. The creators of this architectural complex are considered to be the architects Mirak Giyathuddin and his son Sayyid Muhammad.
The tomb is executed in the best Indo-Islamic traditions. It is the prototype of almost all mausoleums in the world. The building rises to a height of 44 meters and is crowned with a snow-white marble dome. The complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is one of the best tourist spots in India.
9. Red Fort of Agra
The Red Fort of Agra or Akbarabad Palace was for many years the residence of Indian rulers and warlords. The fortress beautifully adorns the coast of the Yamuna River. The Agra Fort is a whole ensemble of architectural constructions defended by a huge red sandstone wall 20 meters high and 2.4 kilometers long. Behind the wall there is a deep moat. It used to be filled with water and crocodiles.
In 1983, this landmark of India was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The fort still plays a significant role today.
The world famous Buddhist temple of Mahabodhi rises in Bodh Gaya in Bihar state. It was here that the monk Gautama Sidhartha attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree during meditation around 500 B.C. and became known as the great Buddha. The Bodhi tree is included in the temple ensemble, which since 2002 is considered the world heritage of the international organization UNESCO. Hundreds of thousands of worshippers come here every year to worship the Buddhist shrine. It is also one of the popular tourist attractions in India.
11. Harmandir Sahib Golden Temple
The golden temple of Harmandir Sahib stands majestically on the Amritsar reservoir in the city of the same name in the state of Pinjab. It is regarded as the main center of prayer for the worshippers of Sikhism. The settlement of Amritsar itself was founded in 1577 by the 4th Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Ram Das. He ordered the digging of a reservoir called Amritsar, which means “source of eternal life”, on the site of the modern city of Amritsar. Eleven years later a good acquaintance of the guru, a great Sufi from Lahore, Hazrat Miyan Mir, began erecting a temple building in the heart of the body of water. At the beginning of the seventeenth century it was ready for use. Before finding oneself inside the temple, one must traverse the marble bridge, which identifies the road from sin to holiness. To visit the Golden Temple of Harmandir Sahib in India will be interesting for every tourist.
12. Fort Amber.
In the suburbs of Jaipur, on the rocky shore of Lake Maota stands a beautiful landmark of India – Fort Amber. It was the palace of Raja Man Singh I. The Rajah ordered the construction of the fort in 1592. The fort is made of white and red sandstone. There is also a temple of goddess Kali.
The appearance of the fort is very dark and menacing, but inside is a very different picture. Inside the fort everything is made in chic Mughal style with exquisite decorations. Fascinating image of Ganesha, made of solid coral and the attic of a thousand mirrors, which is enough for the consecration of a single candle.
13. Kailasanatha Temple
In the rocky caves of Ellora is a unique architectural complex, which includes the Kailasanatha Temple, dedicated to the god Shiva. This landmark is carved out of a huge rock and separated from the rest of the structures of the complex by huge crevices. The temple was carved for 150 years, about 7 thousand skilled craftsmen from the monolithic rock in three directions – from the upper tier to the lower. Figures of elephants and lions are carved at the base. Simultaneously with the exterior, the inner halls were also carved. The temple was originally covered with white plaster which made it stand out from the whole complex.
14. Prince of Wales Museum
In 1904 the nobles of Bombay (modern Mumbai) decided to build a museum in the city in honor of the Prince of Wales. The very next year the prince himself laid the first stone. The museum is built in the form of a three-story rectangular structure. Crowned by a snow-white dome. The architecture of the site in India has several architectural trends: Indo-Saracenic, Mongolian, Maratha, and Jain. Around the museum building are palm groves and flowerbeds
The museum has over 50 thousand exhibits that are divided into three sections: archaeology, art and natural history. All this will undoubtedly be interesting to see the tourist.
15. Buddhist stupa in Sanchi
In the Indian village of Sanchi, Madhya Pradesh there are the most ancient architectural monuments of Buddhism, among which stand out monasteries, temples, stupas. The brightest attraction in the village of Sanchi is the Buddhist stupa, built in the III century BC. It is believed to be the first Buddhist stupa on the planet. During its long history the Buddhist stupa in Sanchi has seen a lot: it was almost destroyed in the II century B.C., was abandoned when Islam came to India and acquired a new life in 1818. In 1989 the monuments of Sanchi were included in the list of world heritage of UNESCO.