Gutenberg Museum Museum of Ancient Navigation Theodor Heuss Bridge Mainz State Museum of History and Art Schiller Square Meinz amusement park for children “Tobolino” Botanical Garden of Johannes Gutenberg University
This website contains a collection of Mainz sights – photos, descriptions, and travel tips. The list is based on popular guidebooks and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you’ll find answers to what to see in Mainz, where to go, and where the popular and interesting places in Mainz are.
The Carmelite Monastery in Mainz, Germany was founded in 1270 by monks of the Catholic Carmelite order and is still active today. Over the centuries, the building, built in the Gothic style of white brick, was subjected to various damages, but the monks carefully restored it.
Now tourists can see a three-story residential building and a church built in 1350 with a characteristic peaked tower, austere lines and high arched windows. During World War II, the monastery was severely damaged by bombing, but it was rebuilt. The church of the Carmelite monastery has ancient bas-reliefs and paintings from the 14th century, an altar consecrated in 1517 and many other medieval religious decorations.
The Gutenberg Museum is named after Johannes Gutenberg, who invented the movable letter method of book printing, a method of printing that spread around the world. The museum was opened in 1900, 500 years after the death of Johannes Gutenberg.
The main exposition of the museum is devoted to the development of printing in Europe and the world, with various devices that were used for printing at different times. Also in the museum there are many books that were printed at different times.
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Museum of Ancient Navigation
Museum of Ancient Navigation, located in Mainz, Germany, was opened in 1994 in an old building made of red brick and consisting of two buildings – a three-storey and a two-storey building connected by a low gallery. The rich exposition of the museum introduces visitors to the history of ancient seafaring; among the exhibits one can see parts of several Roman ships of the III – IV centuries, which were discovered in the 1980s during the construction of the Hilton Hotel.
During the recent renovation, a huge glass roof was installed on the building, allowing natural light to illuminate the valuable exhibits. In special rooms of the museum you can observe the work of the restorers. Individual models of replica Roman ships can be seen and even touched in one of the halls. Recently in the museum was installed a large-scale installation of 48 meters long, which placed objects devoted to the history of the development of shipbuilding and navigation of antiquity. There’s also an area for children, with warships and antiques that make them feel like sea and ocean explorers.
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Mainz State Museum of History and Art
The Mainz State Museum of History and Art began its history in 1803 in a former stable building, where the first exhibits were housed.
In 1937, when the collection grew considerably, the museum was forced to move to a new building where it is still housed today. At the moment the collection of the museum includes objects from prehistoric times. The entire collection of the museum is divided into Roman, Near Eastern, Medieval departments and there are also exhibitions devoted to the Renaissance, Baroque, graphics and Jewish periods.
Coordinates : 50.00376700,8.26819600
Theodor Heuss Bridge
Theodor Heuss Bridge is 475 meters long and connects the two German cities of Mainz and Wiesbaden. It was built in 1882-1885 on the site of a crossing preserved from Roman times by the architects Friedrich von Tirsch and Bernhard Bilfinger. The bridge is arched. Its four sandstone piers are located in the Rhine, and its widest of five spans is more than 102 meters long. In the 1930s at the time the Rhine bridge was reconstructed and expanded from 13.8 meters to 18.8 meters.
During World War II, the bridge was blown up by retreating Germans. After the war it was rebuilt and named after the German president Theodor Heuss. In the 1990s the bridge was reconstructed and opened to pedestrian traffic in the summer of 1995. Today, the wide bridge, which is illuminated on both sides at night, is a popular stroll for locals and visitors to Mainz and Wiesbaden.
Schiller Square in Mainz
Schiller Square, located in the German city of Mainz, is a triangle with Baroque buildings along its perimeter. The most noteworthy buildings on the square are the houses of the 18th – 19th centuries with ancient gardens, the Osteiner Hof palace and the Carnival Fountain with 200 figures of carnival participants, which was installed there in 1967 as a symbol of the annual November holiday.
In the Middle Ages there were market stalls on the square, and since the 13th century monasteries were built around it, among which the oldest preserved is the Abbey of Abtei Altmunster. The square got its present name in 1862, after a monument to the famous writer Friedrich Schiller was erected in its center. The square is a favorite place for walks and rest, because it is not only a lot of greenery, flowers and benches, but also a pedestrian zone with stores and cafes.
Tobolino Children’s Amusement Park
The children’s amusement park “Tobolino”, located in the German city of Mainz, is considered one of the largest indoor parks in the Rhineland-Palatinate region. The program of the park offers a variety of entertainment for children of all ages: from toddlers to teenagers. For the little ones there is a separate area with a dry pool, low slides and all kinds of maneuvers and mazes.
Daredevils can jump on the high trampolines or slide down the slide, which is called “Volcano Climb”. In the soccer arena you can play soccer, volleyball or basketball. In the children’s amusement park “Tobolino” you can boast a real beach with sand, chests full of treasures and a pirate ship, on which anyone can climb, to feel like a true conqueror of the seas and oceans.
Botanical Garden of Johannes Gutenberg University
The Botanical Garden of Johannes Gutenberg University, located on the campus of the university in Mainz, Germany, was founded in 1946-1955. On the area of the former military range of more than 10 hectares were built greenhouses, laid out a large garden and created an arboretum, which occupies about 30,000 square meters of the territory of the garden.
Today, more than 8,500 different flowers, shrubs and trees grow in the Johannes Gutenberg University Botanical Garden. The garden, divided by well-kept alleys that bear the names of great scientists, consists of a large greenhouse complex built for tropical and subtropical plants, a systematic garden, an alpine hill and an arboretum. Benches are placed throughout the garden for comfortable relaxation. Also on the basis of the Botanical Garden are rotating exhibitions on nature and ecology.
The most popular attractions in Mainz with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Mainz on our website.
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Mainz (Germany) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. Mainz main sights with descriptions, guides and maps.
Mainz is a city in western Germany, the capital of Rhineland-Palatinate. It is located at the mouth of the Main River, which flows into the Rhine. Mainz is one of the oldest cities in Germany, with a history of 2,000 years. It is one of the main cultural centers of the country, where Gutenberg invented printing. The city has a small but beautiful Altstadt and a walk along the Rhine River is a real pleasure.
Mainz is situated on the west (left) bank of the Rhine, roughly midway between the North Sea and Lake Constance. The elevation ranges from 82 meters to 249 meters above sea level. The annual rainfall is just over 600 mm. The average annual temperature is 10.1 0 C. Summers are warm and humid, winters are mild.
Mainz in the late 19th century
Things to do (Germany):
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See the city’s icons and legends
- The population is almost 210 thousand people.
- Area – 97.7 sq. km.
- Language: German.
- Currency – the euro.
- Visa – Schengen.
- Time – Central European UTC +1.
- From local products two kinds of cheese stand out: Spundekäse – cream cheese served with onions and pretzels, Handkäse – sour milk cheese with a spicy flavor.
- As for spirits we recommend to try wines of well-known Rhine valley winegrowing region.
The history of Mainz goes back more than 2,000 years, when a Roman camp was founded here in the 13th century BC. The city soon became one of the most important Roman settlements north of the Alps, alongside Trier. In 90, Mainz became the capital of the province of Upper Germany. Despite a city wall built in the 3rd century, the city was ravaged by the Alemanni in the 4th century and by the Vandals in the early 5th century.
In the old town
At the end of the 5th century Mainz became part of the Frankish kingdom. In the 8th century the city became one of the major Christian religious centers of Europe thanks to St. Boniface. In the 9th and 10th century the archbishops of Mainz not only ruled it, but also had great influence in the region. Several coronations were even held here over the centuries.
In 1244 Mainz was granted free city rights, which ensured its continued prosperity. In 1450, Johannes Gutenberg invented printing. This invention is considered one of the most important of the Middle Ages. In the mid-16th century, the old city walls were rebuilt. Nevertheless, until the beginning of the 20th century, this circumstance significantly hindered the growth of the city. During the Thirty Years’ War, Mainz was conquered by the Swedes. In the 18th century, the city succumbed to Baroque influences. At that time many beautiful baroque buildings were built in Mainz.
View of Mainz
Almost 80% of the city was destroyed in a bombing campaign by the British air force in February 1945.
How to get there
The closest airport is Frankfurt am Main. From there you can take the S8 train to Wiesbaden in about half an hour to Mainz. Regional trains to Koblenz and Saarbrücken are also available.
To get to Mainz by car:
- From France (Lille) – the A60 freeway.
- From Koblenz the A61.
- From Kaiserslautern – the A63.
- From Frankfurt – A66.
Also Mainz is served by several bus routes, which usually stop at the main station.
The most important and interesting attractions in Mainz.
The settlement on the site of Mainz was founded during the Roman Empire, so there are several curious ancient ruins preserved here. One of the most important sights of the Roman period is the ancient theater. It was discovered in the early 20th century during the construction of the road to the citadel. This Roman theater is the largest north of the Alps. The structure was 116 meters wide and had a seating capacity of about 10,000 spectators.
The tomb of Drusus is an empty sarcophagus built after the death of the legionary commander who founded the Roman camp at the mouth of the Main. During the Middle Ages it was used as a watchtower. The landmark is located near the citadel.
St. Martin’s Cathedral
St. Martin’s Cathedral is Mainz’s main religious building, founded at the end of the 10th century. It is a grand masterpiece of sacred architecture. In many ways the cathedral got its modern look in the 11th-13th century and is essentially a whole complex of buildings. In its more than thousand-year history it has suffered several times from severe fires and has been extensively rebuilt. Here are the old tombs of the archbishops of Mainz. The Romanesque chapel of St. Gotthard, a late Gothic cloister and a museum with antique rarities are also of interest.
Church of Christ
The Church of Christ is a beautiful religious building of the Italian Renaissance style built in the 19th century. The 80-metre high cupola stands out in Mainz as a sacral building and is reminiscent of St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome. Although the church is Protestant.
The Augustinian Church in the center of the old city was hardly damaged during the bombing of World War II. The church stands out for its beautiful Rococo interior. It was founded in the 13th century for the poor Augustinian order. In the 18th century, the church was rebuilt and given a modern appearance.
Church of St. Christophe
The Church of St. Christoph is an old Gothic church, built in the 13th century and destroyed in 1945.
Church of St. Johannes
The Church of St. Johann is the oldest church in Mainz and one of the oldest religious buildings in Germany. It was founded in the 6th century in the Merovingian era. The building has a height of 16 meters. The church retains some original elements of the early Middle Ages. In the 17th century, it was rebuilt in Baroque style and during the Napoleonic wars was used by the French as a storehouse. In 1828 it was given to the Protestant community.
Church of the Carmelites
The Church of the Carmelites is a monastery church founded in the 13th century. It is the only surviving medieval monastic church in Mainz. In the course of secularization, the monastery was abolished in the early 19th century. Despite the many alterations, the church has retained most of its original elements, except for the ceiling paintings.
Church of St. Ignatz
The Church of St. Ignatz is a beautiful Baroque and Classicist church built in the 18th century. The red facade is decorated with sandstone figures.
Church of St. Peter
The Church of St. Peter is a masterpiece of Baroque and Rococo. It was founded in the 10th century. The old church building in the mid-18th century was demolished and a new one was built. Here you can find artistic and cultural treasures from past centuries.
Mainz sights and places of interest.
The Old Town or Alstadt is very compact, cozy and beautiful. Quiet squares, lovingly restored half-timbered houses, magnificent churches and wonderful baroque buildings give the Old Town of Mainz its special charm and atmosphere. Baroque and rococo facades hide stores, cosy cafes, pubs and wine bars. The winding cobblestone streets of the Alstadt are pleasant to walk through, the heart of the city pulsates here and something is always happening.
The Gutenberg Museum is one of the most interesting museums in Mainz, where you can discover 4,000 years of literary history. The figure of Johannes Gutenberg, the inventor of printing, plays a key role here. Among the museum’s greatest treasures are two original Gutenberg bibles from the middle of the 15th century. A reconstruction of his workshop is very interesting.
Market or Markt is one of the oldest and most beautiful weekly markets in Germany. It takes place three times a week.
Of the 44 medieval tower gates in Mainz, only three have survived to this day: the Iron Tower, the Wooden Tower and the Alexander Tower.
The Iron Tower was built in 1240 and is located near the Gutenberg Museum. This six-story tower got its name from the iron market that was once held here on the banks of the Rhine.
Carnival Fountain – located on Schiller Square and is a fairly young architectural monument (70s of the 20th century). More than 200 figures are used in the sculptural composition.
The Electoral Palace – Located on the banks of the Rhine, it stands out with its bright, sandy red facade. It is a unique example of late German Renaissance architecture. It is one of the most important secular buildings in Mainz.
The citadel is one of the most important historical monuments in Mainz and is one of the few remaining citadels in Germany. Here you can find evidence of the city’s 2,000-year history from the Roman theater to the 20th century Lutheran Church. The citadel was built in 1660 by Jacobsberg.
Gutenberg Square is one of the central and largest squares in Mainz.
The Cherry Orchard is an atmospheric quarter of medieval Mainz with half-timbered houses from the 15th to 18th centuries. The quarter was founded around 1329.
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